Chapter 5 examples

Chapter 5 examples

Felicity Cox

Cambridge University Press, 2012.

5.2.2 Aspiration and release of oral stops

pay
tea
car
plough
press
pew
tray
twice
click
cry
cute
my train
might rain
may dread
made red
spit
stack
scar
splay
stripe
squeak
carbonaceous
helicopter
potato
collect
percolator
procrastinate
cretaceous
platonic

Syllable and word final (VC) oral stops

Released Unreleased
map
squeak
tired
wink
fade
jog

Spirantised /t/

Pete
great
bite

Unreleased /t/

act
robbed

Preglotalisation

With Glottal Without Glottal  
clock
dessert
dollop

Nasal release

button
sadden
happen

Lateral release

cattle
lightly
middle
Bradley

5.2.3 Variants of /t/

Flapping

writer
shutter
cotton
cattle
bottle
bottom
faulty
laughter

Nasal taps

hunter
ninety

Glottal stops

button
cotton
butler
lighthouse
not now

Glottal stops as hiatus fillers

the elephant
to eat

5.2.4 Devoicing

Devoicing of oral stops, fricatives and affricates

cab
phase
loathe
lunge

Devoicing of approximants following voiceless fricatives

Fred
sweep
smack
my snow
mice know
go shrug
gauche rug
you throw
youth row

5.2.5 Assimilation of velar oral stops

Velar fronting

keen
cute
geese

Velar retraction

caught
gaudy

5.2.6 Assimilation of alveolar consonants

Alveolar to labiodental nasals before [f] and [v]

circumference
home front
infant
in vain

Alveolar to dental  before dentals

tenth
ten things
eighth
out there
wealth

Alveolar to postalveolar  before postalveolars

try
dry
enrol

Alveolar to palatal  before /j/

onion
union
on your own

5.2.7 Syllabic consonants

middle
sudden
cattle
muzzle
often
cushion

Assimilation creating syllabics

happen
cotton gown
wagon

Non-syllabic

salmon
linen
melon

5.2.8 Clear and dark realisations of /l/

Clear /l/

leaf
law
black

Dark /l/

feel
field
feel fine

Syllabic /l/

table
muddle
Gatling
Catalan

Before a morpheme boundary - dark /l/

feeling
sellout

Before /j/ - dark /l/

value
million

After a morpheme boundary - clear /l/

delight
dandelion

Vocalised /l/

Velarised Vocalised  
milk
noodle

5.2.9 Allophones of /h/

ahead
head
huge
Hugh

5.2.10 Gemination

some mothers
some others
start time
star time

5.2.11 Labialisation

sweep
soup

5.3.1 Coarticulation and dialect effects

hand
bell
feud
pool

5.3.2 Prelateral contexts

dole
foal
old
hole
doll dole
polish Polish
goalie (dark /l/)
slowly (clear /l/)
pool
school

5.3.3 Nasalisation

ant
luna
pint

5.3.4 Allophones of /eː/and /ɪə/

care
caring
hear
hearing

5.3.6 Allophonci vowel length

heart
hard
cut
cud
bed bared
bud bard

The bad-lad split

short
pad
cad
lad
had
long
mad
sad
bad
glad
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