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Military Contemporaries
of Lachlan Macquarie
at Seringapatam in 1799

Hyderabad Army & the British Subsidiary Force

On the 19 February 1799 the six (6) East India Company battalions in Hyderabad under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel James Dalrymple, along with four (4) battalions of Hyderabadi troops under Captain John Malcolm, and over 10,000 Hyderabadi cavalry under the command of Mir Alam, joined up with Lord Harris' Grand Army on its march from Vellore for the assault on Seringapatam.

DALRYMPLE, James (1757-1800) - Lieutenant-Colonel
[British Subsidiary Force (HEIC) - Hyderabad Army]
Commissioned: Cadet (HEIC) 1770; Ensign 22 February 1782; Lieutenant 4 July 1778; Captain 2 November 1783; Major 1 March 179*; Lieuteant-Colonel 1 June 1796.
Dalrymple had been a prisoner of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan at Seringapatam with David Baird. Both men had been captured after the disastrous British defeat at Pollilur in 1780.
He died at Hyderabad on 9 December 1800. He was married to Mooti Begum, the daughter of the the Nawab of Masulipatam, and they had five (5) children - 4 sons and 1 daughter, Noor Jah Begum.

DALRYMPLE, William, White Mughals: Love and Betrayal in Eighteenth Century India. London: HarperCollins, 2002.

MALCOLM, John (1769-1833) - Captain
[British Subsidiary Force (HEIC) - Hyderabad Army]
Arrived in India 1783. During the Third Mysore War, in 1792-1793, Malcolm was appointed as a Persian interpreter to the Nizam of Hyderabad's troops at Seringapatam; he returned to Britain in 1794 but returned in 1796 as Secretary to Sir Alured Clark, the Commander-in-Chief, Madras, and was reappointed to that post in 1797 by Clark's successor, General George, Lord Harris. In 1798 he gained an appointment as Assistant to the British Resident at Hyderabad and was instrumental in securing the surrender and disarmament of the 'French corps' of troops in the service of the Nizam in October 1798. In 1799 served as Political Officer to the Nizam of Hyderabad's Army at Seringapatam, and later that year he was named Joint-Secretary to the Commission set up to determine the boundaries and political future of Mysore. He enjoyed the political support and patronage Lord Mornington, Governor-General of India, and his brother, Colonel Arthur Wellesley, the future Duke of Wellington, with whom he served at Seringapatam. Thereafter, he had a extremely distinguished military/diplomatic career in India and Persia, culminating finally in his appointment as Governor of Bombay 1827-1830. He was knighted in 1812 and in April 1815 was made a K.C.B.
Commissioned: Cadet (HEIC) 1781; Ensign 24 October 1784; Lieutenant 1 November 1788 ; Captain 29 September 1798; Major 27 January 180*; Lieutenant-Colonel 12 December 1804; Colonel 4 June 1813; Brigadier-General; Major-General 12 August 1819.
Died: 30 May 1833, in London.