HDR Student Stories 2017

HDR Student Stories 2017

HDR Student Stories 2017

Students undertaking Higher Degree Research with the Department of Physics and Astronomy are often presented with opportunities to travel to institutions and organisations all over the globe as part of their research activities. Upon their return, we ask them to describe the purpose of their trip, the research that was done, and how it has helped their project.

Here are some of their adventures.

For travels in 2018, click here.

Thomas Reichardt: China and Hong Kong July and November 2017

Beijing and Hong Kong November 2017

At the end of November to the beginning of December in 2017, I first travelled to Beijing and then to Hong Kong as an extension of my PhD project. Firstly, my trip to Beijing took me to the National Astronomical Observatory of China (NAOC) to visit Dr Stephen Justham. Over the course of several days, we had many discussions about my simulations, particularly the areas which he thinks should be improved. Apart from helping my work in this regard, it was useful for me to discuss alternate perspectives on common envelope simulations, particularly from somebody who did not personally run them. After 4 days of work in Beijing, I gave a short, informal talk to the academics there. Then, before I knew it, it was time for the second leg of my trip. On the Sunday between my two weeks away, I flew between Beijing and Hong Kong, and spent the afternoon relaxing at the conference venue; a hotel in Discovery Bay.

The second week away was spent almost entirely at this venue, listening to talks given by academics in my field from all around the world. This was excellent, as I could finally put faces to many of the names I had been seeing on journal articles for years.  On the Tuesday, I gave my talk, speaking on the work that I had been undertaking for the last 2.5 years. This was my first time giving a talk at a conference of this size, though it seemed to be fairly well received. On Wednesday, we had a field trip to see a big Buddha statue, and an interesting local fishing village. All in all, this week was very beneficial to my work. I learnt a lot about planetary nebulae and had a chance to witness some of the cutting edge research in the field. I met many people and discussed my work with others from around the world. At last, it was time to go home. On the Friday evening, I took my final flight back to Sydney.

Shanghai July 2017

My trip to Shanghai was a very last minute affair. I received an email from my supervisor (Orsola De Marco), asking if I would be interested in attending a summer school relating to the writing of a smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) code, a type of software used for simulating the movements of fluids which forms the core of my research. The catch? It was within a month from when I first heard of it, it was in Shanghai, and I already had something I would have like to go to. Regardless, I jumped at the opportunity, acquired a visa just in time and jumped on a plane. The school was run by Dr Daniel Price of Monash University, one of the leading experts in this field. The first couple of days at the school were spent by learning the fundamentals of fluid mechanics, building a base of knowledge upon which I could begin to code. Over the next few days, I gradually built up a 1D SPH code, and tested it upon shock tube problems, with results that closely mimicked those seen in reality. As a break from the work, we participated in a field trip day to check out the Tianma 65m radio telescope, climbed a 100m tall hill to visit the Sheshan Basilica and returned home for an excellent buffet dinner. As my day to day research life is based upon the use of Phantom, an SPH code written by Dr Daniel Price himself, taking part in the summer school has definitely improved my understanding and ability to manipulate the program. I have also attained a greater understanding of fluid mechanics in general, though I still have much to learn.

Wenjie Chen: Berlin, Beijing and Sydney May and November 2017

Berlin and Beijing November 2017

The European Society of Gene & Cell Therapy (ESGCT) is the primary professional membership organization for gene and cell therapy. This society has a number of members who are scientists, physicians, patient advocates, and other professionals. They work in a wide range of settings including universities, hospitals, government agencies, foundations, biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. The annual meeting of ESGCT attracts not only many scientists from institutions but also entrepreneurs, it offers a vivid platform for talents in the gene therapy area to exchange their innovative ideas and discuss developments over biomedical applications. The ESGCT annual meeting is a prestigious conference in this field and has been held for 25 years.

It was a great opportunity for me to present my research at this conference. First, it enables me to extend my knowledge and insights into a cutting-edge direction in fields of gene and cell therapy which perfectly fits my research fields. My ongoing PhD project was mainly focused on the gene therapy which largely relies on an effective delivery system for transfer of nucleic acids into cells. It is reported that the first gene therapy for children was approved in Europe in May 2016, and what’s more two gene therapies have been approved this year by FDA US.  They are ultilized to treat severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and two kinds of leukemia. These are encouraging massages in the medical area, particularly in gene therapy. By attending this session and presenting my results, I have obtained constructive feedback and suggestions, which will be beneficial for me to improve my research outcomes and thesis quality.

After conference I visited Dr. Zsuzsanna Izsvák from Max-Delbrück-Center (MDC) for Molecular Medicine, Helmholtz Association in Berlin. MDC has globally-renowned reputation for its leading research on molecular medicine area. Dr. Zsuzsanna discovered the “sleeping beauty” genes. Her group focuses on “jump gene”, stem cell therapy and gene therapy, which are complementary to my project. During this trip, we have exchanged some ideas about the potential combination between nanomaterials and gene technology. I also had a presentation in their seminar and they learnt my work and provided more advice on my project and thesis.

I then spent two days in visiting the Nanotechnology Research Centre (NRC), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) in Beijing. NRC is a newly-established centre in collaboration with Cornell University, USA, holding many sophisticated facilities for DNA and nanotechnology research in biochemistry and agriculture. Prof. Haixin Cui, the director of NRC, has visited our CNBP in MQ last year and we have already exchanged ideas on nanotechnology applications. During this visit to NRC, I had the opportunity to explore instruments which are crucial for material science. In addition, I also discussed with them on in vivo drug/gene delivery, which is important work in my PhD thesis.

Sydney May 2017

The joint 10th Australasian Gene and Cell Therapy (AGCTS) and Australasian Society for Stem Cell Research (ASSCR) Scientific Meeting was held in the central city of Sydney, 24th-26th May 2017 in UTS Aerial Function Centre. The attendees of both Societies share common interests in developing new stem cell, gene and cell therapies for the treatment of human disease and successfully translating their research.

This conference brings together local, national and international experts, state government medical health and policy leaders, students and early career researchers in basic science, clinical researchers and clinical practitioners. We have an exciting line up of world-class speakers, and delegates from across Australasia with diverse scientific backgrounds who utilise stem cells, cell and gene therapy for a wide variety of applications.

This is both an inspiring and engaging meeting for my own PhD projects, which focus on the non-viral gene delivery nanovectors for cell and gene therapy. This meeting allowed me a good opportunity to showcase my recent published data, which arose extensive discussion on the externally triggered DNA carriers by light activation. Most of them are from the medical application field and expressed interests of collaborative possibilities with physiochemical methods. It has also displayed me a bright direction towards specific gene therapy using non-viral carriers including lipid materials. In particular, the liposomes I am working on have been utilized for cancer therapy in clinical trials and showed promising outcomes but still with some limitations. This encourages me to move further on improving our systems for overcoming the bottleneck of the applications. The updated research progress in this area inspires me a combinational point between nanotech and molecular medicine, in a physically stimulated manner by using the controllable nanomaterial.

Tushar Malica: Paris and Glasgow November 2017

ISPALD-2017 (International Symposium on Physics and Applications of Laser Dynamics) was a terrific opportunity to interact with laser physicists from around the globe and have valuable discussions about our shared research interests and recent developments in the field of laser physics. This annual conference was organised in Paris, France this year. As a PhD student, it is always a wonderful and a motivating experience to introduce your research to a completely new audience with a fresh perspective. Following the conference, I also visited Glasgow representing our research group at MQ, the Photonics Dynamical Systems Group, as part of an ongoing collaboration since 2016 with M-squared Lasers and University of Strathclyde. It was an eventful and a fantastic experience and I would like to thank Macquarie University for supporting their higher degree research students and ensuring that the students get a truly comprehensive experience of what entails their research career in their near future.

Adam Batten and Arvind Hughes: Kioloa and Canberra July 2017

We are both second year Masters of Research students and in July we attended the 2017 Harley Wood Winter School and the Astronomical Society of Australia's AGM.

Arv: I have been working with stellar data from the GALAH survey that aims to examine the chemical changes of our Galaxy over time. This will then provide an understanding of how our Galaxy formed and how the elements we see today are produced. My research focuses on developing a method for detecting extremely metal-poor stars, Solar twins and other objects.

Adam: I use hydrodynamic simulations to understand how stars near the end of their lives interact with their companions. In particular I study a phase called 'the common envelope', which is where the primary star engulfs one of its companions. I focus on studying the role that the common envelope plays in 3-body systems, which can range from planets to giant stars 50 times larger than our own.

Our trip was a two parter:

We first attended the Harley Wood Winter School in Kioloa (ANU Coastal Campus). This school is aimed at early career researchers to help us prepare for jobs in academia or industry. Over the duration of the 3 days that we were there, we attended a series of talks and panels from current researchers. In-between sessions we were able to interact with fellow masters and PhD students where we all shared our stories, stresses and worries with the added company of a few dozen kangaroos.

For the second half of our trip we traveled from Kioloa to Canberra for the Astronomical Society of Australia's Annual Scientific Meeting and General Meeting where Arv presented a poster illustrating some of his preliminary findings. The conference was held over 5 days and had a diverse range of Astronomers from across the country presenting. To be able to sit and listen to what others are doing was not only interesting but fostered food for future thought!

Colin Navin: Canberra July 2017

I attended the Annual Scientific Meeting  of the Astronomical Society of Australia held at the Australian National University in Canberra from 9th to the 14th of July 2017. The meeting is held each year to provide an opportunity for astronomers from around Australia to stay abreast of the broad range of current astronomical research in Australia.

At the meeting I attended presentations on a wide variety of research topics, as well as an "Introduction to Machine Learning" workshop . I also made a presentation on the results of my PhD thesis research titled "Extratidal stars and destruction rates of globular clusters". This work has identified strong candidates for extratidal stars of seven Galactic globular clusters and found that the observed destruction rates of the clusters are generally significantly higher than model predictions.

Adriano Poci: Canberra July 2017

I attended the Astronomical Society of Australia (ASA) Annual Scientific meeting at the Australian National University in Canberra in July 2017. This was a 5-day conference covering all topics across current astrophysical research fields.

I was able to present a poster during the poster sessions of the conference.

The highlight of the meeting was the signing ceremont of the ESO-Australia strategic partnership, which gives Australians access to the European Southern Observatory's facilities for 10 years. This was signed by ESO's then-Director-General, Tim de Zeeuw, and the Australian Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science, Arthur Sinodinos.

Finally, this week also held the launch of the new ARC Centre of Excellence, ASTRO3D.

James Tocknell: Canberra July 2017

In the second week of July, I, with a bunch of other Macquarie students, postdocs and  faculty, attended the 2017 Astronomical society of Australia Annual Scientific  Meeting at ANU (https://asa2017.anu.edu.au/). This gathering, known to Australian astronomers as ASA, is the only  time when the whole of the Australian astronomical community gets together and  discusses their research, independent of topic. Prizes for theses and research  are presented, there are meetings of the chapters of the society, and there  are loads of talks. Unlike other societal meetings overseas, ASA tries to run as  few parallel sessions as possible, with most sessions being single stream. This  means researchers working on planet formation hear about research into galaxy  evolution, and those working on the expansion of the universe hear about the  latest advances in telescope design. For PhD students like me, this diversity in  topics allows us to build our wider knowledge of research-grade astronomy,  something that would be nearly impossible to do from reading textbooks or could  be taught in an undergraduate (or masters) class.

One of the things I did at ASA was present the latest research I'd been  working on, and get ideas and suggestions from other astronomers. Some of the  suggestions have been useful in overcoming problems I've encountered in my  research, which on its own has made the trip worthwhile. During one of the  lunchtime sessions, the ECR (Early Career Researchers) chapter ran a speed
meet-a-mentor session, where I got to meet a bunch of early and mid-career  researchers, and received valuable career advice. On the Friday  afternoon/evening, after the official end of the conference, there was a  Machine Learning workshop (the notes from which are at https://github.com/ADACS-Australia/adacs-ml-workshop), where we learnt about  different techniques to analyse data via machine learning.

A whole bunch of other stuff happened at ASA, such as the signing of an  agreement between Australia and ESO  (https://www.aao.gov.au/public/images/australia-and-eso-sign-strategic-partnership)  and the launch of ASTRO3D

Zahra Khabir: Coogee Beach, Sydney July 2017

Between 3-5 July 2017, I attended the "8th International Nanomedicine Conference" which takes place annually at Coogee beach, Sydney. It is regarded as the most significant nanomedicine meeting in the Southern Hemisphere and provides an environment to network with colleagues around the world. My abstract had been accepted for an oral presentation and I presented my work in the area of BioNano Interactions and Nanotoxicology. It was a great opportunity to develop my presentation skills and had a chance to tell others about my work. I had a lot of fruitful conversations with other colleagues and received useful suggestions and feedbacks.The event programs cover a wide range of topics including Sensors & Imaging, Drug Delivery, Microfluidic, and so on. We met with researchers in similar fields, discussed possible collaboration opportunities, and learned about current in my research field that inspired me some new research ideas. I would like to thank Physics and Astronomy department for providing me with the financial support to attend the conference.

Van Hiep Nguyen: Canberra July 2017

I have attended the 2017 ASA (Astronomical Society of Australia) Annual Meeting at Australia National University (ANU) in Canberra. The Meeting in principle aims to bring together the astronomers from different areas of astronomy.

The 2017 ASA meeting was an invaluable opportunity for me since this year, for the first time, I have given an oral presentation based on the results of my first PhD project. It also allowed me to meet fellow students in Australia as well as from different countries and increase my network base.

Indeed, through The 2017 ASA meeting I have learnt new skills and broadened my knowledge that will be helpful for my career. However, I regretted not attending the Harley Wood Winter School this year at the ANU Kioloa Coastal Campus.

This was the first time I had been to ANU and Canberra. I visited many places with my friends. I enjoyed the party in the old Parliament House. I liked the cold, fresh air and peaceful ambience of the city.

Yan Wang: Boston June 2017

As a second year PhD student of Centre for Nanoscale BioPhotonics (CNBP) within Faculty of Science and Engineering, I have recently attended the CYTO conference (Congress of the International Society for Advancement of Cytometry) which was held in Boston, USA. This 5-day conference collected almost all the researchers and industries within flow cytometry and microscopy area, especially on biomedical and clinical applications. It was really a good opportunity for me because it helped me jump out from my specific research spot and provided a chance to look around in the related topics. The talks of other presenters inspired me a lot as regards different backgrounds and areas.

I also got the chance to talk with senior researchers after being introduced by my supervisor Dr. Yiqing Lu. We also met with one of our collaborators Prof. Steve Graves from the University of New Mexico during the conference. He provided some important technical updates on their acoustic chip which is employed on my time-resolved flow cytometry and this will help me to resolve a critical existing problem on my platform and could open more opportunities regarding to future applications.

Sarath Raman Nair: Sunshine Coast June 2017

My trip to Brisbane from June 19 to 31 was to attend the Winter School conducted by ARC Centre of Excellence for Engineered Quantum Systems (EQuS) at Alexandra Park Conference Centre, Sunshine Coast, Queensland. The participants of the Winter School were students and researchers, working on Quantum Science. The Winter School had talks on different areas of Quantum Science by experienced researchers. The Winter School was a nice place to interact with other students and researchers and hear about their research.

Piotr Wargocki: Munich June 2017

When I was visiting my hometown in Poland, I got really close to one of the biggest conferences on lasers and elctro-optics – CLEO Europe, that took place in Munich, Germany. It would be a mistake not to use this opportunity to attend, especially that there was a session very closely related to my field of expertise. I have never been to a scientific event of this size and I must admit it as a little overwhelming in the beginning. Fortunately, I had a friend from Macquarie University at the spot, that was a regular participant, who gave me a little tour and introduction to the event. I have spent very interesting 4 days, visiting exhibitors – learning what new equipment is commercially available now, listening to dozens of great lectures and walking thousands of meters from one end of the hall to another. My own presentation, also went very good and it was well received by relatively small but very active audience. I have even found some time to walk around beautiful city of München.

Bryte Hagan: Sunshine Coast June 2017

In the middle of 2017, I travelled up north to the beautiful beaches of the sunshine coast for the EQuS (Engineered Quantum Systems) Winter School. This was a workshop spanning 3 days, aimed towards students new to the realm of research. Most attendees were early into their PhDs (I was one of the few masters students), and the presenters themselves had only recently finished their respective doctorates. The conference was a great atmosphere with a mix of interesting physics and a friendly environment for socialising and networking. There were games organised at the end of each night, and the fantastic views of Alexandra beach were the perfect way to end a full day of learning (it was a bit too cold for me to go swimming, unfortunately!)

The workshop itself was 5 presentations. The first (surprisingly interesting) talk was on professional development. There were two talks given by experimentalists on experimental techniques and optomechanical systems, and the remainder were theoretical talks on quantum computation and quantum thermodynamics. As a theorist, my main interests were in the latter talks, but all of the presentations were communicated in such a way that people with limited background could still follow along and learn, while still being interesting for the intended audience. I learned something unique from each of the talks, and also felt comfortable conversing with the presenters after each of the talks.

Overall, the trip was not only an enjoyable experience, but it was fantastic for building 'soft skills' that are required as an academic. The professional development workshop gave tactics on how to effectively break the ice and network, and also focused on important-but-infrequently talked about interactions, such as contract negotiation. It's safe to say that the majority of physicists (myself included) are quite introverted, which makes the idea of networking quite daunting. However, as an aspiring academic, the skill is simply too important to not develop. Between the environment; the collective age, interest and background of the attendees and the common physics theme, this workshop was perhaps the best introduction into the world of academia that I could've hoped for. This workshop has given me a gentle push towards developing a lifelong and pivotal skill for my career, as well as the opportunity to build professional and personal relationships with my peers from all around Australia.

Dan Blay: Munich June 2017

As part of my PhD in quantum photonics, I travelled to Munich (München), Germany to attend the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe/European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC) 2017. This year had more than 4,000 attendees and 2,000 research presentations, making it one of the larger physics conferences in the world.

Attending this conference gave me an opportunity to present my research, how spectral filtering affects heralded single photons, to people in my field, both giving my research a wider audience and allowing me access to other researchers who could explain their work in person. I had the opportunity to meet other students, researchers, and important figures in my field (including the president of the Optical Society of America, the largest professional physics society in the world). It is my hope that some of these connections will turn into collaborations. There were also many invigorating physics discussions held out and about in Munich, giving us an opportunity to sample Bavarian culture (especially fun for me, as this was my first trip to Europe).

Overall, it was a wonderful experience and one I’m keen to repeat in the future.

Adriano Poci: Sydney June 2017

I recently attended a conference held at the Crystal Ballroom of Luna Park in Sydney. The goal of the conference was to discuss the science that will be possible with current and upcoming large-scale surveys. These surveys will collect immense volumes of data, which will present a unique challenge to current computational (and human) capabilities. They will, at the same time, provide the most detailed look into our universe to date, and enable ground-breaking science in fields of stellar evolution, galaxy formation, and the evolution of the universe itself.

The conference brought to light some of the issues presented by these surveys, and the necessary advances in technology that will enable us to best make use of all the incoming data. Results of current-generation surveys were also presented, illustrating the type of science that is possible with large samples of observations.

While being able to listen to all of the new science from the experts in my field, I was also able to present the results of my research.

Erik Kool: Canberra May 2017

In May I attended the Science Symposium of the International Telescope Support Office, which coordinates usage of large international telescopes such as Gemini South in Chile and Keck in Hawaii. The symposium is held every two years and features recent research conducted with these fantastic facilities. I was invited to give a talk about SUNBIRD, a project that I am involved in where we search for supernovae exploding in starburst galaxies using the Gemini and Keck 8-meter class telescopes.

Van Hiep Nguyen: Stockholm May 2017

I have recently attended the Nordita Annual Meeting at the Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics in Stockholm, Sweden from 7th to 28th May 2017. The topic for this year is "Phase Transitions in Astrophysics, from Interstellar to planets" - the processes of converting gas into stars and planets in galaxies.

The program in fact aims to bring together the experts from different areas of astronomy to discuss and study this problem in detail. However, students are especially encouraged to look for the collaborations with postdocs and faculties during the meeting.

The 2017 Nordita program was an invaluable opportunity for me since its topic addresses directly to my PhD projects. After 3 weeks of discussing and working closely with the experts in the field, I made a remarkable progress in data analysis, then I gave a presentation at the meeting based on the results obtained. More importantly, this allows me to publish a magnificent scientific paper soon.

The Nordita meeting certainly provided me with essential knowledge and skills that will be helpful for my career.

Christina Baldwin: Canberra May 2017

I recently attended the 2017 International Telescopes Support Office (ITSO) Science Symposium at Mt Stromlo Observatory in Canberra. The ITSO Science symposia, run every two years, highlight the exciting new science being carried out in Australia using world-class overseas telescope facilities. I was invited to give a talk on my recent work, which uses data from the Gemini North 8 metre telescope in Hawaii.

The symposium was particularly timely, given the Australian government's recent decision to join the European Southern Observatory, which will soon give Australian researchers access to a suite of new, advanced telescopes.

Christopher Baldwin: Cairns May 2017

The 11th New Diamond and Nano Carbons conference was held in Cairns, Australia, on the beautiful Great Barrier Reef. The conference brought together researchers from academia and industry to present their works on carbon based materials – diamond, graphene and carbon nanotubes being the most popular. These unique materials bring together a diverse range of fields: laser physicists, quantum physicists, chemists, biologists, geologists, and electrical engineers were all represented. The wealth of expertise at this conference presented a fantastic opportunity to share our work, sparking new ideas and insights into our own works, as well as opportunities for exciting future collaborations.

Blake Entwisle: Brisbane May 2017

Through the generous support of Macquarie PGRF scheme, I was able to undertake intensive training at the 3-week Australian Course in Advanced Neuroscience, held at the Moreton Bay Research Station on North Stradbroke Island, near Brisbane. This competitive course takes only 12 students a year from across Australia and New Zealand. While on the course, I learnt from over 15 different leaders in the field of electrophysiology and neuroscience, and was able to gain access to world-leading training and equipment.

The bulk of experiments focused on extremely high resolution (at the picoAmp level) single-cell recording techniques, with lectures ranging from the functioning of cells as resistance-capacitor circuits, through to modern light assisted techniques such as calcium imaging and optogenetics. The skills I have gained at this course will allow me to probe deeper and more thoroughly into my research, which focuses on infrared laser nerve stimulation. I would especially like to thank the course director Dr Stephen Williams and his PhD student Lee Fletcher for their tireless efforts and guidance throughout the course.

Ayeni Babatunde: Canberra May 2017

Together with A/Prof. Gavin Brennen and Nathan McMahon, I attended a workshop at the Australian National University (ANU) in Canberra on many-body quantum physics.

The talks were pretty interesting and educative, with topics ranging from the interdisciplinary fields of quantum information and condensed matter physics, and quantum field theory and statistical mechanics. There, I was able to learn more about the use of ‘fidelity’ as a measure of quantum phase transition, which might hopefully help me to have a better understanding of some of the phases I recently discovered in systems of certain exotic particles called ‘anyons’.

The talks were organised in a way that allowed for plenty of time to work in the afternoons, and also to drive around the capital territory over the weekend. All in all I had a good time both intellectually and socially.

Saabah Mahbub: Fremantle April 2017

I recently attended the ICOB (5th International Conference on Biophotonics) conference in Perth’s port and historic cultural centre of Fremantle, as a member of a CNBP group. This conference strictly focuses on biophotonics with a strong emphasis on the participation of junior researchers. It was a poster-led discussion with a number of companies (notably NewSpec, Coherent Scientific, Olympus, Micron Optics, Engineer Enterprise, Lastec and so on) where they shared their latest commercial technical developments with us.

The conference brought to light some of the high-tech experimental methodologies (as an example; 3-Photon Microscopy and Hyperspectral analysis) with other fascinating advances in biophotonics technology – this was most relevant as it was directly related to my research. I was able to listen to all of the new exciting sciences from the experts in my research field in Hyperspectral analysis on biochemicals of cells and tissues, I was also able to present two posters (“Label-free functional characterization of stem cell – cartilage system by hyperspectral imaging (with unsupervised unmixing) for applications in regenerative medicine” and “Bio-chemical and label free intra cellular interrogation; detection of cell subpopulations and responses, using hyperspectral imaging features and targeted projection pursuit”) and use this opportunity to discuss with other medical researchers and translators from the field of diagnostics to get valuable feedback for my research applications.

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