Areas of Research
Environmental Earth Science
The Department of Environmental Sciences is a leading centre for the study of earth surface processes and geomorphology in river, wetland, coast, desert and polar environments. Our academic and postgraduate student research (MRes and PhD) is concentrated in four main, interrelated areas;
- Geomorphology and landscape evolution,
- Quaternary environmental change,
- Human impacts on the environment.
- Environmental Management
We place a strong emphasis on fieldwork and laboratory work and have cross-departmental and cross-institutional research collaborations with colleagues in the fields of biology, climate science, geochronology and earth system science.
Our research also relates to key aspects of environmental management, and collaborative research and student supervision is carried out with industry in addition to domestic and international scientists.
Staff members active in this field of research include:
- Associate Professor Kirstie Fryirs (Fluvial Geomorphology and River Management)
- Professor Damian Gore (Geomorphology and Environmental Contamination)
- Dr Paul Hesse (Aeolian and Quaternary Geomorphology)
- Dr Tim Ralph (Fluvial and Wetland Geomorphology)
- Professor Neil Saintilan (Wetland Ecology and Management)
- Dr Kerrie Tomkins (Fluvial and coastal geomorphology)
- Associate Professor Trish Fanning (Geomorphology and Archeology)
- Dr Kira Westaway (Geomorphology and Archeology)
Environmental Earth Science research is supported by an extensive array of field and analytical facilities including:
- state-of-the-art drill rigs, surveying gear (structure from motion and terrestrial laser scanning),
- sediment analysis including grain sizing (Laser, X-ray, settling tube)
- physical, chemical (particularly surface and down-borehole water quality), mineral magnetic instruments and dating facilities (Optically Stimulated Luminescence)
Environmental quality and contaminants
The Department of Environmental Sciences is a leading centre for the study of environmental quality and contaminants resulting from mining, industrial and agricultural activity. This research includes;
- Internationally recognised studies of gas and particulate pollution from mining, coal fired power stations, motor vehicles, and the iron and steel and smelting industries (Professor Peter Nelson, Professor Vlad Strezov, Professor Mark Taylor)
- Contaminated land and legacy issues associated with mining and smelting (Professor Damian Gore, Professor Mark Taylor,)
- Fuel spill monitoring and assessment in cold climates, in conjunction with ecotoxicology studies; and waste management of the large quantities of ash and spoil associated with mining and power production (Professors Gore, Nelson, Strezov, Taylor)
- We also have expertise in palaeoclimate, tropical meteorology, tropical cyclones, and monsoons (Dr Kevin Cheung); atmospheric mercury (Dr Grant Edwards, Professor Peter Nelson); and biometeorology (Associate Professor Paul Beggs).
Increasingly, this research is leading to new technologies including:
- carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) - toxic emissions from post-combustion capture (Professor Nelson),
- gas quality and gas cleaning in oxy-combustion of fuels (Professor Nelson),
- fugitive emissions of methane (Professor Gore, Dr Grant Edwards), in collaboration with the department of Earth and Planetary Sciences), and
- produced water quality and treatment (Professor Gore, Dr Peter Davies, Dr Shuaifei Zhao).
Research in mature and developing technologies underpins decision making and risk assessments, but also the promotion of innovative and sustainable solutions. This includes beneficial use of waste materials in agriculture and biofuels (Professors Strezov, Professor Nelson), the catalytic removal of organics and CO2 from process and waste streams (Jiang), and solutions to the environmental impact of produced water spills (Professor Taylor).
- X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, Total Reflection XRF (TXRF) spectrometer, X-Ray Diffractometry,
- mercury analysis
- a mobile laboratory as part of the Environmental Quality laboratory
Coastal and Marine
The Department of Environmental Sciences conducts research in marine, coastal and estuarine science, including;
- the Marine Climate Risk Group led by Associate Professor Ian Goodwin,
- Dr Shari Gallop's research into beach morphodynamics,
- Professor Neil Saintilan’s work on coastal wetlands, climate change and sea-level rise, and
- Dr Maina Mbui's research on understanding and predicting the impacts of environmental variability and change on marine and coastal social-ecological systems at local and global scales.
The department is heavily engaged with the Sydney Institute of Marine Science (SIMS) in the SIMS/NSW OEH Coastal Processes Research Node. The Department is an active member of the Macquarie Marine Research Centre.
The Department’s coastal and marine science expertise is integrated into parts of its undergraduate and postgraduate teaching programs, including the Bachelor of Marine Science. Specific research foci include:
- Inner Continental Shelf-Shoreface sediment exchanges
- East Australian Current shelf upwelling and sand transport
- East Australian longshore sand transport system
- Headland sand bypassing processes
- Large-scale coastal response to wave climate change and sea-level change
- Coastal wetland responses to sea-level rise
- Tidal inlet dynamics – forced vs unforced behaviour
- Ocean wave measurement arrays and nearshore coastal modelling
- Coastal engineering impacts on sand transport and estuarine inlets
- Evolution of the eastern Australian coast over the past 2000 years
- Fusion of geohistorical and instrumental coastal data for coastal hazard risk assessment
- Role of extreme storms in multi-decadal coastal behaviour
- Tasman Sea Extreme Storm Climatology over the past 1000 years
- Subtropical Ridge and Latitudinal Climate Variability, impacts on coasts
Coastal and marine research is supported by equipment which includes boats, a jet ski, ground penetrating radar and a range of current monitoring equipment.
The Department’s areas of research are supported by specialist expertise in the cross-cutting themes of:
Spatial Information Science
Spatial information science is the science of geographic information systems (GIS) and remote-sensing for data storage, visualisation (mapping), and the provision of information to support decision making. It is concerned with the interpretation and analysis of geographical information from a variety of sources and in a range of application fields.
Research in Spatial Information Science
The Department of Environmental Sciences undertakes research using geospatial technologies, including remote sensing (both passive and active sensors) and geographic information systems, spatial modelling and multi-objective (conservation planning) decision support systems. Our goal is to inform the management of Australia’s environment through innovative and interdisciplinary research. Major themes of Michael and Maina’s research are:
Multispectral and Hyperspectral remote sensing for vegetation mapping
Radar remote sensing for land surface monitoring and terrain modelling
Spatial predictions of coastal and marine features
Cumulative impact and risk assessments in geographic information systems (GIS)
Cross-cultural participatory mapping
Please feel free to contact Michael and Maina to discuss potential Masters of Research (MRes) and PhD projects. Current students in spatial information science are:
de Silva, L. (2013 – ) PhD Thesis: Implications of using hyperspectral remote sensing and GIS for managing native and invasive vegetation species in catchment areas in NSW, Australia. Supervisor: Chang
Wang, M. (2011 -) PhD Thesis: Understanding the environmental impacts of urban forests along in Sydney, using remote sensing technologies. Supervisor: Chang
Rasel, S. (2014 – ) PhD Thesis: Integration of passive and active remote sensing systems for monitoring mangrove and saltmarshes with eco-climatic variables. Supervisor: Chang
Cleguer, C. (2012 – ) PhD Thesis: Distribution, relative abundance and habitat use of the dugong: a basis for marine conservation and management planning in New Caledonia. Supervisor: Grech
Critchell, K. (2014 – ) PhD Thesis: Impacts and risk of the microplastic portion of marine debris to marine organisms. Supervisor: Grech
Taymans, M. (2014 – ) PhD Thesis: From connectivity to conservation: Defining quantitative indicators to improve the design of marine protected areas in the Great Barrier Reef. Supervisor: Grech
Burke, A. (2013 – ) Masters Thesis: Optical satellite imagery and nearshore geomorphic analysis. Supervisor: Chang
Neupane, N. (2014 – ) Masters Thesis: Optimizing the number and location of public litter bins using Geographic Information Systems. Supervisor: Grech
Graham, V. (2013 – ) Masters Thesis: A comprehensive cost analysis of REDD++ in South East Asia. Supervisor: Grech
Teaching and Learning in Spatial Information Science
Spatial information science is a major growth industry. Macquarie University graduates with expertise in spatial information science contribute to diverse workplaces and research fields, including natural resource management, local government, emergency management, land administration, forestry, agriculture, marine environments, health, defence, education, infrastructure management, transport and more. Our undergraduate and postgraduate units focus on practical work to enhance the development of technical skills and problem solving abilities. We provide training with the latest geospatial software, including ArcGIS and ENVI.
Our undergraduate units provide students with a comprehensive understanding of geospatial technologies, including geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing. Students learn core concepts and develop technical skills in data acquisition and management, mapping and spatial sampling and analysis. The undergraduate units include:
ENV264 Introduction to Geographic Information Science (Convenor: Mbui)
ENVG390 GIS for Urban and Regional Management (Convenor: Chang, Capstone and PACE unit)
ENVE383 Environmental Analysis Using Remote Sensing and GIS (Convernor: Chang)
Major in Spatial Information Science
Spatial information science is a Qualifying Major in the Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Environment. The aim of the major is to provide students with expertise in the development, management, application and display of spatial information through core studies in geographic information systems (GIS), cartography, global positioning systems, geospatial analysis and modelling, and remote sensing. The major includes core units that engender a depth of knowledge in spatial information science that is immediately transferable to the workplace. In addition, students are given the opportunity to select optional units to extend this knowledge in specific application fields.
Our postgraduate units provide students with an advanced understanding of geospatial technologies, including geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing. The postgraduate units include:
ENV808 Introduction to Geographic Science for Postgraduates (Convenor: Mbui)
You can also follow the teaching and learning team on Instagram (sismq), Facebook (Spatial Information Science MQ) and Twitter (SISMQ)!
The department’s research has assisted in the reconstruction of environments in Southeast Asia (Dr Kira Westaway), arid and semi-arid Australia (Dr Paul Hesse and Dr Tim Ralph), tropical Australia (Associate Professor Trish Fanning), large-scale coastal morphology (Associate Professor Ian Goodwin), and estuarine infill (Professor Neil Saintilan). Dr Westaway’s research has established the timing of Homo floriensis occupation in Indonesia and modern human arrival in Southeast Asia.
The department’s work in Geochronology is supported by the only luminescence dating facility in Sydney servicing institutions in the wider metropolitan region including UTS, UNSW and UNE. The facility, run by Dr Kira Westaway, contains a fully equipped wet room preparation area and dry instrument room containing two ‘Riso’ automated luminescence readers (one with single-grain capabilities and the other with a red TL setup), a low-level beta GM multicounter and two Daybreak thick-source alpha counters all within subdued red light conditions.