Depth Study 2c: Contacts and Conflicts in Ancient Rome

Depth Study 2c: Contacts and Conflicts in Ancient Rome

Contacts and conflicts within and/or with other societies, resulting in developments such as the conquest of other lands, the expansion of trade and peace treaties

By the third century BC, Rome’s wars of expansion, which would continue for over five hundred years, began with the conquest of Italy before spreading to other cultures including the Greeks, Carthaginians, Celts, Gauls and Germans.  By the time of the emperor Trajan (98-117 AD) the Roman Empire had reached its limit; stretching to Germany in the north, the Middle East in the east, North Africa in the south and England in the West. Through these conquests, Roman culture including religious believes, art and political practices, spread throughout their world. With the expansion of Rome, trade intensified throughout the Mediterranean and beyond. Below is a curated selection of links relating to the expansion of Rome, the trade that developed alongside this expansion, the cross-cultural interactions that occurred and finally the legacy ancient Rome left for our modern world.

Roman Empire during Trajan Roman Empire at its greatest extent, during the reign of Trajan, 117 AD.
Wikimedia Commons

Contacts and Conflicts

Trade and Religious Beliefs


  • K. Nelson, "Ancient Rome: Legacy of Rome" Ducksters, Technological Solutions, Inc. (Nov 2019). This page offers a good overview of the legacy of ancient Rome on topics such as the law, government, architecture, language and religion.
  • National Geographic article on Traces of Ancient Rome in the Modern World (June 2018) looks at art and architecture, technology and science, literary and language and law in the modern world.
  • History's Histories page on Rome’s Lasting Legacy covers the topics mentioned above as well as roads, aqueducts and building materials. You will also find useful images and some YouTube videos for extra information.
  • YouTube clip on Rome’s Legacy is a fun three-minute video that quickly summaries the legacy of ancient Rome.
Back to the top of this page