Depth Study 2c: Contacts and Conflicts in Ancient Rome
Contacts and conflicts within and/or with other societies, resulting in developments such as the conquest of other lands, the expansion of trade and peace treaties
- identify contacts and conflicts of peoples within the ancient world
- describe significant contacts with other societies through trade, warfare and conquest
- explain the consequences of these contacts with other societies, eg developments in trade, the spread of religious beliefs, the emergence of empires and diplomacy
- explain the legacy of the chosen ancient society
By the third century BC, Rome’s wars of expansion, which would continue for over five hundred years, began with the conquest of Italy before spreading to other cultures including the Greeks, Carthaginians, Celts, Gauls and Germans. By the time of the emperor Trajan (98-117 AD) the Roman Empire had reached its limit; stretching to Germany in the north, the Middle East in the east, North Africa in the south and England in the West. Through these conquests, Roman culture including religious believes, art and political practices, spread throughout their world. With the expansion of Rome, trade intensified throughout the Mediterranean and beyond. Below is a curated selection of links relating to the expansion of Rome, the trade that developed alongside this expansion, the cross-cultural interactions that occurred and finally the legacy ancient Rome left for our modern world.
Roman Empire at its greatest extent, during the reign of Trajan, 117 AD.
Contacts and Conflicts
- T.B. Lee, Forty Maps that Explain the Roman Empire, Vox (19 Aug 2014). A compilation of online maps that explain the expansion of Rome through its conflicts.
- Heritage Daily, The Roman Empire – Interactive Map (25 Jan 2018). A detailed, clickable map showing the Roman Empire with information on the incorporation of each province and the battle or battles that resulted in their conquest by the Romans.
- A fun YouTube documentary by Extra History on the the Punic Wars, one of the earliest and most important Roman conquests outside of Italy. Rome: The Punic Wars PART ONE; PART TWO; PART THREE; PART FOUR.
- YouTube Documentary by Kings and Generals that talks about Rome’s conquests with special attention paid to the importance of Egypt entitled ‘Why was Egypt Crucial for the Roman Empire?’.
Trade and Religious Beliefs
- National Geographic on the Roman Empire: Road and Trade Network. This site shows a map of trade within the Empire – including which product(s) comes from which region.
- The Met Museum Article on the Trade between the Romans and the Empires of Asia gives information on the breadth of international trade in the ancient world.
- UNESCO article on the Silk Road, its impact, what was traded, and religions and technologies that passed along this route.
- YouTube Documentary on Roman Mythology and its connection to other Mediterranean religions, entitled ‘Roman Mythology Animated’.
- K. Nelson, "Ancient Rome: Legacy of Rome" Ducksters, Technological Solutions, Inc. (Nov 2019). This page offers a good overview of the legacy of ancient Rome on topics such as the law, government, architecture, language and religion.
- National Geographic article on Traces of Ancient Rome in the Modern World (June 2018) looks at art and architecture, technology and science, literary and language and law in the modern world.
- History's Histories page on Rome’s Lasting Legacy covers the topics mentioned above as well as roads, aqueducts and building materials. You will also find useful images and some YouTube videos for extra information.
- YouTube clip on Rome’s Legacy is a fun three-minute video that quickly summaries the legacy of ancient Rome.