When preparing your assignment you need to acknowledge all the materials you draw upon, quote, paraphrase or mention. A referencing style is the set of conventions used to acknowledge the work of other authors.
Style guides generally outline the way you are expected to format and present your assignments.
You should check course information or consult with academic staff for the style required by your department.
- Styles of referencing
- Citing electronic sources
- Style guides
- Build an online bibliography with RefWorks
- Manage bibliographic references with EndNote
ACS Style - American Chemical Society
- ACS Books References Style Guidelines
- ACS Style - University of Melbourne Library
- ACS Style - Murdoch University Library
(American Chemical Society/ Chemical Abstracts Service)
- S (Chemical Abstracts Service) CAplus Core Journal Coverage List
- Science and Engineering Journal Abbreviations
AGLC STYLE (Australian Guide to Legal Citation)
- Australian Guide to Legal Citation3
- Melbourne University Law Review Quick AGLC
- Murdoch School of Law AGLC3 Guide (pdf)
APA Style - American Psychological Association
- APA Style - Murdoch University Library
- APA Style Citations - Curtin University of Technology (pdf)
- APA Style Citation Guide - University of Queensland Library (pdf)
- APA Style - Purdue University
A basic guide to using the APA 6th style including examples of in-text and end-of-text.
- APA Style - University of Illinois
- APA Style Tips
From APA's own website. There are also FAQs.
- Concordia Libraries APA Citation Style Guide
Chicago (Turabian) Style
Harvard (Author-Date) Style
- Harvard Style - Monash University
- Harvard Style - University of Queensland (pdf)
- Harvard Style - University of Western Australia
- Harvard Style - University of Leeds
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) citations
MLA Style - Modern Language Association
- Oxford documentary note style (Deakin University)
- Footnote.Bibliography or Oxford Referencing System (UNSW Learning Centre) (pdf)
- Vancouver method
Unique requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals.
- Vancouver Style - University of Queensland
APA Electronic Reference
Citing internet, email, and database sources. The American Psychological Association's own guide.
Citation Guides for Electronic Documents
A list of citation sites.
E-books often lack page numbers, although PDF versions may have them. Kindle books have location numbers, which are static (don't change with the font size), but can't be read without a Kindle reader. Options include:
- Paraphrase the information so a page number is not required
- Use Chapter, Section, Para to locate the section
- On Amazon.com locate the book and use the 'search inside' feature by typing in a portion of the quotation
- If the line numbers are stable, these could also be used.
(Gladwell, 2008, Chapter 1, Section 2, para. 5)
Miller, 2009, lines 300-320)
The citation for the bibliography should contain the type or model of the e-book being used (Amazon, Kindle, Microsoft, Adobe Digital, Sony etc.) and the location number of the quote (page numbers are not shown). Include the DOI if it is available.
Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success [Kindle DX version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com
Gladwell, M. (2006). Blink [Kindle iPad version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com
Brill, P. (2004). The winner's way [Adobe Digital Editions version]. Doi:10.1036/007142363X
APA Documentation - University of Wisconsin-Madison
A basic guide to formatting documents in APA 6th style. In addition to information on citations and referencing, this resource provides details of how to format a paper and use grammar, abbreviations, quotes and numbers.
Online English Grammar by Anthony Hughes
Comprehensive British education site.
Online Writing Lab - Roane State Community College, U.S.A.
Large amount of information on essay writing, documentation, research, editing, grammar and punctuation, plus other web links.
Online Writing Lab - Purdue University, U.S.A.
Another site with many resources to help your writing.
Elements of Style by William Strunk
Originally published in 1918, this is still an excellent guide to usage, composition and form.
Non-Discriminatory Presentation & Practice - University of NSW
Guidelines for using non-discriminatory language.
How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography
From Cornell University Library.
Notes on the Structure of a Scientific Paper
From the University of Canberra's Applied Ecology Research Group.