Cognitive-behaviour therapy is effective for treating late-life anxiety and depression, although some suggest a need to adapt or eliminate the component of cognitive restructuring due to some declining cognitive ability in older age.
This research works with, and focuses on, the perspectives of Indigenous community-based organisations in Sabah, Malaysia and the Northern Territory, Australia who host students through the Macquarie University PACE Initiative.
Thomas Meaney’s work presents laser written waveguide circuits to manipulate single photons, demonstrating superb quantum interference in 3D structures, and for the first time combining multiple integrated photon sources – moving towards on-demand photon generation.
A systematic way of characterizing the symmetries of light beams has been developed. This project has shown that symmetric light beams can be used to control light-matter interactions at the nano-scale. Particular applications have been developed, both theoretically and experimentally.
With increasing age, the central elastic aorta stiffens progressively; ill-effects include higher systolic blood pressure and impairment of left ventricular function. By exploiting the near-linear relationship between pressure and flow, we can estimate ascending aortic impedance as an accurate measure of left ventricular hydraulic load, and study its change with ageing.
We applied high-throughput genomics methods to study antiseptic resistance in the hospital pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii, and identified AceI, a novel drug efflux protein that makes the bacteria resistant by pumping antiseptics out of the cell. This is the first new type of bacterial drug efflux pump discovered in more than a decade.
In the spirit of E.O. Wilson’s idea of ‘Consilience’, the Big History Project has constructed a coherent, rigorous and teachable trans-disciplinary narrative linking the natural sciences and the humanities. The research team has built a free online high school syllabus in Big History that is now taught in over 300 schools in the USA, Australia, Korea, the Netherlands and elsewhere.
This program provided an opportunity to initiate thought leadership to facilitate the removal of market distortions in the cell phone services market. It was used to provide consumers with independent, evidence-based input into telecommunications regulatory policy making.
Humanity’s growing demand for protein has led to substantial pressure on oceanic ecosystems. Harvesting of predatory fish by industrial fishing techniques has lowered populations to less than 10% of their historic numbers. Sharks are especially vulnerable due to their low reproductive rates and delayed maturity. Their importance in marine ecosystems has led to considerable resources being directed towards their management and conservation.
How do honey bees think? We discovered remarkable similarities between how bees and humans make choices, and the cognitive processes they use when making decisions. We modelled these thought processes in the known circuitry of the bee brain. Our research is revealing the cognitive abilities of animals, how brains operate, and establishing models of how simple brains work. This is laying the foundations for understanding the far more complex human brain.