Dr James Martin is a critical criminologist with recent research focused on cybercriminology. Dr Martin focuses on the ‘dark net’ or ‘deep web’, an encrypted sub-section of the internet through which drug traffickers distribute a growing range of illicit substances. Dr Martin’s research has identified that growth in the illicit online drug trade has had the unexpected benefit of reducing violence during drug exchanges and lowered the opportunities for criminal gangs to profit from the global supply of illegal drugs.
Dr Martin believes the online illicit drug market has gentrified the drug trade. Some of the online distributors operating through the ‘dark web’ advertise their marijuana as “organic” and their cocaine as “conflict-free”. Though there is no way to ascertain the veracity of these claims, it does demonstrate the depth of the online illicit drug market and the tool used by different distributors to differentiate their products.