Macquarie University researchers have contributed to the first observation of a gas filament with a length of 50 million light years – confirming current ‘big bang’ ideas about the origin and evolution of the Universe.
Published in Astronomy & Astrophysics, this research led by the University of Bonn, was the result of a collaboration between an Australian-led team of scientists from Macquarie University, Western Sydney University and Australia’s national science agency, using CSIRO’s Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) radio telescope and German scientists, using the new eROSITA space telescope.
The ASKAP telescope observations were made as part of the "early science observations" for a project called the Evolutionary Map of the Universe, also known as ‘EMU’ – one of nine major survey programs planned with ASKAP.
Professor Andrew Hopkins from Australian Astronomical Optics (AAOMQ) said detecting a gaseous structure on this scale confirmed our model of how the Universe had evolved since the Big Bang.
“This model, called ‘Lambda Cold Dark Matter’, uses the combination of dark matter and dark energy to explain the way structures in the Universe should appear,” he said.
“This is a great example of two international next-generation telescopes working together to do science that was not possible in the past.”
EMU is an international team of more than 400 researchers led by Professor. Team members include Thomas Reiprich, of Bonn University, who led the analysis of the eROSITA data, and former EMU project leader, Professor Ray Norris from Western Sydney University.
Optical image of the Abell 3391/95 system taken with the DECam camera. Superimposed are the eROSITA image (darker = higher gas density) and radio contours (yellow) of the ASKAP telescope.
© Reiprich et al., Astronomy & Astrophysics