Department of Ancient History

Associate Professor Boyo Ockinga

ancient-staff boycookMA Auck., DPhil Tübingen

Contact Details:

Telephone: +61 2 9850 8852
Fax: +61 2 9850 8240
Office: W6A 533


Boyo Ockinga is an Associate Professor in the Department of Ancient History, and member of the Ancient Cultures Research Centre. He studied Ancient History at the University of Auckland (BA 1973; MA 1975) and went on to study Egyptology and Near Eastern Studies at the University of Tübingen, Germany (1976-1983), where he obtained a DPhil in Egyptology in 1983. Before coming to Macquarie in 1984 he was Assistant in the Department of Egyptology, Tübingen (1982-1984). At Macquarie he teaches Egyptology with a focus on philology and religion.

Research Interests

Since 1984 he has conducted regular fieldwork projects in Egypt at a number of sites - Nag El Mashayikh, Awlad Azzaz (Sohag), Dra Abu El Naga (Luxor) and Saqqara - working on the epigraphic and archaeological recording of New Kingdom tombs. Since 1991 he has directed the Macquarie Theban Tombs Project at Dra Abu El Naga.
Other research interests are Egyptian religion, including a project on Greek and Roman writers on Egyptian Religion, which he is working on in collaboration with Dr Ian Plant, and the publication of Egyptian material in Australasian collections.

Grants Awarded

The archaeological fieldwork mentioned above has received regular support through research grants from The Australian Research Council (ARC), the Macquarie University Research Development Grant scheme (MURDG) and the Rundle Foundation for Egyptian Archaeology. Since 2005 Ockinga is a chief investigator, along with N. Kanawati and C. Kohler, in a five-year ARC Discovery Projects Grant for a study on Memphis, the ancient capital of Egypt.

National and International Links

The fieldwork in Egypt is conducted by Ockinga in association with the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Egypt as well as with individual Egyptian scholars, and the research and publication of data recorded is carried out in association with other international scholars. His research is presented at international conferences and other institutions.


Ockinga's bibliography includes over 50 books, book chapters and scholarly articles, of which the following is a selection:

Authored Monographs

  • Die Gottebenbildlichkeit im alten Ägypten und im Alten Testament (ÄAT 7) (Wiesbaden, 1984)
  • (with Y. Al-Masri,) Two Ramesside Tombs at El Mashayikh Part 1 (Sydney, 1988), Part 2 (Sydney, 1990)
  • A Tomb from the Reign of Tutankhamun at Akhmim, ACE Reports 10 (Warminster, 1997)
  • Amenemone the Chief Goldsmith. A New Kingdom Tomb in the Teti Cemetery at Saqqara (Oxford, 2005)
  • The Tomb of Amenemope (TT 148) Vol. 1 Architecture, Texts and Decoration ACE Reports 27 (Oxford: Aris & Phillips, 2009) pp. 149 + 110 plates
  • Mittelägyptishe Grundgrammatik (3rd revised ed. Mainz, 2012)
  • A Concise Grammar of Middle Egyptian (3rd revised ed. Mainz, 2012)

Edited Books

  • with K. Sowada, Egyptian Art in the Nicholson Museum. Suppl. to Mediterranean Archaeology (Sydney, 2006)

Edited Chapters in / Contribution to Books, Encyclopaedia Articles

  • "Hiskiahs Prahlerei. Ein Beitrag zur Interpretation von 2 Könige 20, 12 - 19/Jesaja 39, 1 - 8" in Fontes atque pontes (Festschrift H. Brunner) (Wiesbaden, 1983), pp. 342 - 346.
  • "Ägyptische Totentexte und Votivinschriften" in Texte zur Umwelt des Alten Testaments Band II, Religiöse Texte ed. by C. Butterweck, D. Conrad et al., (Gütersloh, 1988) pp. 506-522; 529-534; 540-554. ISBN3579000691.
  • "Aegyptiaca in Australasia - I. The Dunedin Stele of Nebentaneb" in Gegengabe. Festschrift für Emma Brunner-Traut (Tübingen, 1992), pp. 263 - 272.
  • "Hieroglyphic Texts from Egypt" in Sources for the History of Cyprus Vol. 2. Near Eastern Texts from the 3. to the 1. Millenium BC. Institute of Cypriote Studies, CUNY, Albany, ed. by Bernard Knapp (Altamont, 1996) pp. 25 - 33.
  • "The Saqqara Tomb of the Overseer of Craftsmen and Chief Goldworker, Amenemone", in M. Barta, J. Krejci, eds., Abusir and Saqqara in the Year 2000, Archiv Orientalni Supplementa IX (Prague, 2000) pp. 121-132.
  • Entries on "Ethics and Morality", " Piety" and "Sennedjem" for the Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt (New York, 2001) vol. 1 pp. 484-487; vol. 3 pp. 44-47 and p.266.
  • "New Light on the Cairo Statues of Saroy" in Egyptian Museum Collections around the World. Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo, ed. by Mamdouh Eldamaty and Mai Trad, (Cairo, 2002) Vol. II pp. 873-884.
  • "An 18th Dynasty Inscribed Linen Shroud" in Egyptian Art in the Nicholson Museum suppl. to Mediterranean Archaeology ed. K. Sowada and B. Ockinga (Sydney, 2006) pp. 179-189.
  • "Osiris and the Great Serpent in TT 148: Innovations in Funerary Iconography and Texts in the 20th Dynasty" in Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert/Karola Zibelius-Chen (eds.): "Von reichlich ägyptischem Verstande". Festschrift für Waltraud Guglielmi = Philippika VIII. Marburger altertumskundliche Abhandlungen, hrg. v. Joachim Hengstl, Kai Ruffing u. Orell Witthuhn (Wiesabden: Harrassowitz, 2006) pp. 91-102.
  • "Use, Reuse, and Abuse of 'Sacred Space': Observations from Drac Abu el-Nagac" to appear in Sacred Space and Sacred Function in Ancient Thebes ed. P. Dorman and B. Bryan, (Chicago, 2007) pp. 139-162.
  • "Morality and Ethics" in The Egyptian World ed. T. Wilkinson (London: Routledge, 2007)
  • "The Memphite Theology - Its Purpose and Date" in A. Woods, A. McFarlane, S. Binder (eds.), Egyptian Culture and Society. Studies in Honour of Naguib Kanatawti CASAE 38 (Cairo: SCA Press, 2010), vol. 2, 99-117
  • "A Royal Ritual Text in TT 233" in M. Collier and S. Snape (eds.) Festschrift for Kenneth A. Kitchen (Liverpool: Rutherford Press, 2011) pp. 99-113
  • "Hatshepsut's Appointment as Crown Prince and the Egyptian Background to Isaiah 9:5" in Dan'el Kahn and J.J. Shirley eds., Egypt, Canaan and Israel: History, Imperialism and Ideology. CHANE 52 (Leiden: Brill, 2011), 237-253.
  •  "In search of the New Kingdom tombs in the Teti Pyramid Cemetery North: Preliminary results of the 2009 and 2010 seasons conducted by Macquarie University" in M. Bartá, F. Coppens, J. Krejší, eds. Abusir and Saqqara in the Year 2010 (Prague: Czech Inst. of Egyptology, 2011), 119-138
  • "Subversion oder Loyalität? Nochmal zur Frage der Beziehung zwischen den Hohepriestern Thebens und dem König in der späten Ramessidenzeit"  in H. Beinlich (ed.), Die Männer hinter dem König. 6. Symposion zur ägyptischen Königsideologie. Iphofen Knauf-Museum 16.- 18. Juli 2010 (Harrassowitz: Wiesbaden, 2012), 91-106
  • "The Teti Pyramid Cemetery North - New Evidence for New Kingdom Tomb Structures: Insights from the Macquarie Excavations" to be published in L. Evans (ed.) Ancient Memphis: 'Enduring is the Perfection'. Proceedings of the International Conference held at Macquarie University, Sydney on August 14-15, 2008 (Louvain, 2012) 371-395

Articles in scholarly journals

  • "ro's wezanab kippah we'agmon in Jes 9,13 und 19,15" in Biblische Notizen 10 (1979), 31 - 34.
  • "An Example of Egyptian Royal Phraseology in Psalm 132" in Biblische Notizen 11 (1980), 38 -42.
  • "Einige Bemerkungen zur Inschrift des Jehumilk aus Byblos" in Die Welt des Orients 12 (1981), 70 - 72.
  • "Zum Fortleben des 'Amarna Loyalismus' in der Ramessidenzeit" in Die Welt des Orients 14 (1983), 207 - 215.
  • "The Burden of Kha`keperre`sonbu" in JEA 69 (1983), 88 - 95.
  • "On the Interpretation of the Kadesh Reliefs" in Chronique d'Egypte 62 (1987), 38 - 48.
  • "The Inviolability of Zion - A pre-Israelite Tradition?" in Biblische Notizen 44 (1988) 54- 60.
  • "A First Intermediate Period Stele at Nag' el Mashayikh" in Göttinger Miszellen 105 (1988), 77 - 81.
  • "Nagc El Mashayikh - The Ramesside Tombs" in The Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 1 (1990), 77 - 84.
  • "The Tomb of Sennedjem at Awlad Azzaz (Sohag)" in The Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 2 (1991), 81 - 89.
  • "New Light on Tutankhamun. The Tomb of Sennedjem at Awlad Azzaz, Sohag" in Sixth International Congress of Egyptology. Abstracts of Papers (Turin, 1991), pp. 310 - 311.
  • (with K.A. Kitchen), "A Memphite Monument of the Vizier T3 in Sydney" in Mitteilungen des Deutschen Arch. Instituts Abteilung Kairo 48 (1992) pp 99 - 103; pls. 20 - 21.
  • "Macquarie University Theban Tombs Project: TT 148 Amenemope: Preliminary Report on 1991/92 and 1992/3 Seasons" in The Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 4 (1993), 41 - 50.
  • "ti.t šps.t and ti.t dsr.t in the Restoration Stele of Tutankhamun" in Göttinger Miszellen 137 (1993), 77.
  • "Another Ramesside Attestation of Usermont, Vizier of Tutankhamun" in The Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 5 (1994), 61-66.
  • "Hatshepsut's election to kingship: the ba and ka in Egyptian Royal Ideology" in The Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 6 (1995) 89-102.
  • "Macquarie Theban Tombs Project TT 148 the Tomb of Amenemope. Report on the 1994/1995 and 1996/1996 Seasons" in Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 7 (1996) 65-73.
  • "The Tradition History of the Martha/Mary Pericope in Luke 10.38-42", Ancient History in a Modern University, Vol 2 Early Christianity, Late Antiquity and Beyond ed. by T. Hillard, R. Kearsley, C.E.V.Nixon & A. Nobbs (Eerdmans, 1998) pp. 93-97.
  • "An Ancient Egyptian Puzzle: Piecing together the Saqqara Tomb of the Overseer of Craftsmen and Chief Goldworker, Amenemone" in Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 9 (1998) 73-87.
  • "Theban Tomb 233 - Saroy regains an Identity" in Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 11 (2000) 103 - 113, Pls. 22-24.
  • "Excavations at Drac Abu el-Nagac: Report on the Nov-Dec 2000 and Jan-Feb 2002 Seasons" in Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 13 (2002), 135-147.
  • "TT 147 - Observations on its Owners and Erasures" in Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 15 (2004) 121-129.
  • "The stele and offering table of the mayor of Heliopolis, Menkheper, in the Classics Museum, University of Adelaide" in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 91 (2005)
  • "Theban Tomb 147: Its Owners and Erasures Revisited" in Bulletin of the Australian Centre  for Egyptology 19 (2008), 139-144.
  • (with E. Guerry), "Neferty P 20 Reconsidered" in LingAeg 16 (2008) 307-310.
  • "A Late Period Tomb Structure in the Teti Pyramid Cemetery North?" in Bulletin of the Australian Centre for Egyptology 21 (2010) 89-98
  • "Amarna Concepts of the Afterlife" in Ancient History 38:1 (2008) 16-37 (published 2011)
  • (with S. Binder) "Macquarie Theban Tombs Project: 20 Years in Dra Abu el Naga" Ancient History 39 (2009) 205 - 247 (published 2012)
  • (with S. Binder) "Fragments of an Amarna-age Stele in the Teti Pyramid Cemetery North" in Études et Travaux 26 (2013) 502-516


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