Climate change and biodiversity are strongly interconnected.
According to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, climate change is likely to become one of the most significant drivers of biodiversity loss by the end of the century. Climate change is already forcing biodiversity to adapt either through shifting habitat, changing life cycles, or the development of new physical traits.
From a human perspective, the rapid climate change and accelerating biodiversity-loss has significant risks on human security for example major changes in the food chain, fresh water sources which change, recede or disappear, loss of land due to rising sea levels, medicines and other resources that become harder to obtain due to plants and forna degradation and the list goes on.
Key questions for this area
If you are studying or teaching biodiversity, or are looking to add content to your unit, the following are some key questions that you should be able to answer and/or consider:
- What are the impacts on the earth's systems if biodiversity balance is not maintained?
- How has Australia complied with the Convention on Biological Diversity 1992?
- Should states have the sovereign right to exploit biological resources?
- How does deforestation relate to biodiversity?
- What mechanisms can be used to ensure that one state does not infringe on the biodiversity in another state?
If you are interested in finding out more about this topic, check out our resources for inspiration.