Our research is focused on the complex relationships between human and environmental systems in the cities and regions of Australia and the Asia-Pacific.
Projects include major explorations in urban systems, Indigenous knowledge, global environmental change, vulnerability and risk in the Asia-Pacific region, and environmental justice.
Current student projects include work in Nepal, Vietnam and Bangladesh—as well as a range of national and local topics in various elements of geography, planning, political ecology and professional practice.
The Department of Geography and Planning has research strengths in four core areas:
Critical Development and Indigenous Geographies
Honoured to be situated on Darug Country in northern Sydney, our research engages critical post-development and Indigenous geographies to rethink rights, responsibilities and belonging. We nurture the theory–practice nexus through innovative research approaches including close collaborations with communities, families, NGOs and place. Our research focuses on the interface of Indigenous and local communities, institutional frameworks, governance, sustainability and justice. We work to challenge the dominance of Western knowledges and colonising processes and go beyond categorical thinking and dualisms to nurture relations and spaces of belonging, sharing and care. Our staff, research students and collaborators work in Australia, Asia, Africa, the Pacific, Aoreatoa-New Zealand and Sápmi and are active researchers in a number of fields.
Key research themes include: Indigenous self-determination, empowerment and knowledges, Indigenous research methodologies and ethics, critical development studies, water cultures, cultural tourism, intergenerational healing, food, rethinking human-nature relationships through a more-than-human lens, political ecology, displacement and resettlement, climate change adaptation and community participation.
Environments, Societies, and Power
Shifting socioecological conditions highlight the complexity of life in the Anthropocene, where the boundaries between environments and societies are problematised; and where there is increasing recognition of the politics and power relations that shape the 'more-than-human' worlds we inhabit. This research cluster focuses on new approaches to understanding power and human-environment relations on a dynamic planet. Our research centres on connections across social and environmental systems, as well as rethinking these categories in Australia, the Asia Pacific and beyond. Our researchers draw on a range of Indigenous, cross-cultural, interdisciplinary, geographical, historical and philosophical approaches that bridge theory and practice, and emphasise the importance of engaging and collaborating with diverse communities and publics. The cluster is committed to critical research that highlights social and environmental injustices whilst also fostering resilient ways of living in and with multispecies communities.
Political ecology; more-than-human geography; environmental humanities; environmental and multi-species justice; socioecological change; capacity building and participatory approaches to environmental challenges; politics, care and ethics; Anthropocene and climate change futures; place, scale and sustainability; critical animal studies; conservation; biopolitics and eco-governmentality; disasters, disruptions, displacement and crises; historical and future transformations.
Cultural and Political Geographies
The Cultural and Political Geography cluster was first convened in August 2018, and brings together faculty, researchers, postgraduates and MRes students whose work explores the inextricable relationship between cultural and political worlds. Drawing on a range of geographical and philosophical traditions, including postcolonialism, feminist geographies, political philosophy, post-structural theory and social and spatial justice, the cluster's research is concerned with how cultural and political forces converge and interact in shaping environments, communities, identities, memories, bodies, knowledges, landscapes and mobilities. The cluster seeks to advance critical theoretical thinking and praxis, through a diversity of formats, while promoting the contemporary and cutting-edge work being done in the department.
Key research themes include: geographies of food and food politics, environmental humanities, water and water landscapes, political ecology, posthumanism, biopolitics and affect, indigenous knowledges, digital geographies, literary geographies and testimony, visual culture, spaces of heritage and trauma, tourism, migration, asylum and refugee studies, mobilities, critical border studies, nationalism and statehood, camp studies, landscapes and communities of disaster, carceral geographies, genocide studies and the spaces and spatialities of Nazism.
Cities, Planning and Governance
Research on the social, political, economic, cultural and environmental processes shaping cities is paramount to respond to the dynamic global urban challenges manifest in the age of the Anthropocene. Our research provides a critical lens to interrogate urban processes and their diverse outcomes. We address conceptual and policy challenges related to the way our cities are planned, governed and experienced. Our research is based on a transformative politics and dedication to improving urban futures through enabling justice and care in the city. Our research draws together critical urban theory and planning practice to investigate the ways cities are managed and experienced by urban stakeholders, including policy makers, private sector actors, communities and a diverse array of non-human actors. Central to our research is a multi-scalar lens which sees cities in relation to local, national and global practices and processes. We are dedicated to improving the policy and practices of urban governance through applied, comparative and collaborative research with governments, non-government organisations and communities which address real world urban issues.
Key research themes include: Care, justice and ethics in the city; Urban politics, activism and resistance; Housing and urban regeneration; Urban transformations: climate change, energy, food and water; Planning practice and policy; Urban Political Ecology; Multispecies cities.
Research collaborations and partnerships
Our faculty conducts research for local and state-level governments, NGOs, international aid agencies, community organisations and private consultancies. We collaborate with universities across the Asia-Pacific region, including Kyoto University and University of Malaysia Sabah.
We welcome enquiries and opportunities for collaborations and partnerships. Potential higher degree research students (PhD and Master of Research) and postdoctoral research fellows are encouraged to contact the Department of Geography and Planning to find out more.
Social Impacts Australia
Macquarie University is a world leader in Social Impact Assessment (SIA). The approach to SIA teaching at Macquarie embodies our values of scholarship, integrity and empowerment—specifically the underlying need for all institutions to conduct themselves ethically, equitably, and for mutual benefit with the people that use and share resources.
Higher Degree Research (HDR) students
Project: Margins and more-than-human homes in urban transitional spaces
Alam’s research falls under the broad umbrella of political ecology in an urban-built environment. He is interested in the everyday more-than-human entanglements of ordinary citizens. Drawing on a range of performative methods, he explores the non-anthropocentric agencies of homes in urban transitional spaces of coastal cities, of which are constantly in flux due to climate change-induced displacement. Being attentive to the mundane encounters with non-human nature in home processes helps him to leave any analytical abstraction or perceived non-presentations (i.e., homelessness, dispossession) to explore life at the margin. His ongoing PhD explores how thinking through ‘home' informs an emerging ecology of nature-culture, giving a hint to an alternate mode of production of space in those apparently non-plannable liminal sites, from the 'below'.
Research interests: Chaudhary is a forester with interdisciplinary research interests in human-environment relationship. Over the last 5 years, she has been involved in different projects on people and protected areas, and biodiversity and ecosystems management. Her aim is to inform better landscape planning and management in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. Chaudhary’s current PhD research is focused on ecosystem services and differentiated human well-being. She is trying to understand how the globalised ‘ecosystem services’ concept can be more just and inclusive to shape the wellbeing of the invisible sections of a society, with a case study in Nepal. Currently, she is visiting Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, and working with Prof. Bill Adams to understand how and why the costs and benefits of ecosystems are distributed among different social groups. This is important to better understand how injustices are created. With this, she aims to critically explore equity and justice with implications on ecosystem services discourse.
Awards and fellowships
- International Macquarie University Research Excellence Scholarship (iMQRES) (2013-2017)
- Nuffic Fellowship 2013 for training grant on climate change adaptation, Uganda
- National Academic Excellence Award 2010, Government of Nepal
- East West Center Fellowship (2008-2009) for Asia Pacific Leadership Program (APLP), United States of America
- International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) Fellowship 2006 for“Biodiversity Assessment and Monitoring (Field Techniques for Conservation Research) Training Course” at Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, United States of America
- North-South Dialogue Scholarship 2005-2007, Austrian Exchange Service (ÖAD), Austria for M.Sc in Protected Areas Management
- Prince Bernhard Scholarship (PBS) 2003 by WWF International, Gland, Switzerland
- Winrock Women Scholarship 2002, Winrock International Nepal and Ford Foundation
- Tharu Merit Scholarship 2001, Tribhuvan University, Government of Nepal
- Rufford Small Grant 2009 for project entitled “A Participatory Dolphin Conservation Initiative in the Koshi River of Eastern Nepal”
- Rufford Small Grant 2006 for research entitled “Status of, and Threats to, the Ganges River Dolphins (Platanista Gangetica) in the Koshi River, Nepal”
- Research Grant (2004) by Danish International Development Agency funded Natural Resource Management Sector Assistance Program (NARMSAP) for research entitled “GIS based Range post Level Database Management System of Community Forestry of Kaski District”
- Research Grant, 2003, Netherlands Development Organization funded Biodiversity Sector Program for Terai and Siwalik (BISEP-ST) for research entitled “Evaluation of Income Generating Activities in Community Forests and Leasehold forests”
- Travel Grant from United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Secretariat of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animas (CMS) (2007-2008)
- Training Grant by Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and ETH Sustainability, Zürich, Switzerland (2007) to attend “Youth Encounter on Sustainability”
- Training Grant by EUROPARC Federation, Hamburg, Germany (2006) to attend “Communicating NATURA 2000: training future leaders for communicating NATURA 2000” in Arnhem, The Netherlands.
Yi-shiuan (Yayut) Chen
Chen’s project aims to explore contested notions of property in postcolonial Taiwan. As a hybrid colony, the contemporary dynamic of transitional justice and Indigenous rights in Taiwan reflects a complex history of property, sovereignty and governance. Taiwan Indigenous Peoples have been colonised by the Qing Empire (1683–1895), the Japanese colonial government (1895–1945) and the Chinese Nationalist Party (post 1945). Under the colonising processes, the Taiwanese Indigenous understandings of property—which integrate the relations with peoples, nature and cosmos—have been undervalued, or even omitted. Chen’s project will explore the ontological foundations of contemporary Taiwanese property systems, their implications for Indigenous peoples’ land use and well-being, and governance initiatives that might better support present and future co-existence of Indigenous and coloniser peoples.
Focus: Changing social and economic conditions of Aboriginal families in the NSW rural town of Deniliquin – 1965-2015. Crew’s research links to his work with Yarkuwa Indigenous Knowledge Centre Aboriginal Corporation in Deniliquin and revisits work undertaken by Professor Janice Monk in 1965.
Dilworth is interested in understanding how we might develop more equitable, sustainable and playful ways of engaging with those non-humans with whom we share our cities and our lives.
Her research examines how constructions of ‘risk’ are shaping children’s play experiences in bush and beach spaces during middle childhood in Sydney.
Outdoor play in bush and beach spaces is a vital means through which Australian children engage with the complicated and often fraught intimacies of more-than-human cities, and grapple with the project and possibilities of living in entangled multi-species worlds. However, children in many wealthy, urbanised countries in the ‘Minority World’, including Australia, are spending significantly less time playing outdoors than previous generations. An increasing preoccupation with risk is often identified as one of the key reasons for the changing geography and ecology of outdoor play. It is hoped that this research will contribute to the development of initiatives that encourage children to spend more time playing outdoors in risk-appropriate ways.
Project title: Investigation of Indigenous Australian Sex Workers in New South Wales
Franklin’s primary research focus will be on the everyday lives of Indigenous Australian sex workers, their identity, and reasons they have entered the sex industry. She anticipates this research will highlight issues relating to health and well-being, as well as concepts of identity, power, and shame. In doing so, the purpose of her project is to understand who Indigenous sex workers are, why they have chosen this type of work, where they work, how they have come to be in the profession, and how they feel about their choices and lives. Her research strives to understand Indigenous sex workers in NSW and she envisages that knowledge will inform policy, as well as access and delivery of support and services that are culturally appropriate and relevant.
Focus: Post-disaster relocation and reconstruction of Indigenous communities in Taiwan
Focus: Islam’s research interests include community-based disaster risk reduction, social capital and disaster resilience, and climate change adaptation.
His current research project is social capital and cyclones, exploring how households’ social networks contribute to disaster resilience and recovery in Bangladesh. This thesis investigates the contributions of three kinds of social networks to disaster resilience and recovery, following cyclones in Bangladesh. These include: bonding networks (within extended families), bridging networks (amongst neighbours), and linking networks (between households and institutions). Households’ limited physical, financial and human capital limit the support provided through bonding networks. Bridging networks perform well initially, but tend to break down due to competition over access to relief goods. Linking networks provide valuable support, but are marred by corruption. Local civil society is the key to address corruption. The national policy would be more effective if the local social capital is strengthened.
Juma is a PhD candidate at the Department of Geography and Planning, Macquarie University. He is researching how irrigation systems could approach climate change adaptively, and what lessons could be drawn from for irrigated agriculture generally; salinity management is one focus. Using an adaptive pathway analysis approach, an action research project is being carried out in the SIR with local stakeholders to identify adaptation pathways for irrigated agriculture, given the risks posed by climate change and associated changes in land use. His previous research was looking at the impacts of climate change and population growth on the water supply and management system of Nairobi city, Kenya. He is passionate about water resource management, and endeavours to explore and practice sustainable water management/governance in the Anthropocene, within the context of the “extended water nexus” and climate change. Professionally, he is a trained Water and Environmental Engineer.
Khanom will explore the gendered nature of insecurity amongst migrants in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The aim of identifying the key factors contributing to insecurity and the strategies men and women use to build their own adaptive capacities is critical to this project. Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change due to its geographical location, high population density and overwhelming dependency on natural resources for livelihoods. Dhaka is expected to receive a huge influx of migrants from the coastal areas and the northern parts of the country as climate risks worsen and is already experiencing a rapid rate of urbanisation. Different development sectors and utility services are expanding to try and accommodate this growth, but are currently unable to meet the demand of the growing population. This situation undermines job opportunities, reduces basic human security and creates increased tensions as competition for dwindling resources become more intense. From a gender perspective, women and men play different roles and responsibilities and have different levels of agency and control over resources (tangible and intangible) both at a household and community level. So, the study will explore why women in Dhaka are more insecure than men proceeding on the assumption that this insecurity arises from them not only ‘being a woman’ or ‘being a migrant’, but also for specific practices, processes and power relations within the society.
Mah is currently conducting his PhD exploring how we can better support those working to create environmental and social change over the long term. In particular, he is researching how whole-person approaches to learning can support sustainability practitioners/change agents to become more resilient and effective within the organisations and systems they seek to transform. An aspect of this research involves examining how we can prevent burnout through reflective practices such as Transformative Coaching and Focusing.
This research builds on his Master of Research (2014), which explored how creative practice was integral in supporting individuals participating in a sustainability leadership program to make better sense of their life and career journeys.
Nicole K McNamara
Project title: Understanding cycling practices in Sydney
McNamara’s research project considers the multiplicities of cycling. It uses ideas from social practice theory to map the elements of cycling for different practitioners and, by talking to practitioners about cycling practice, aims to gain a more careful understanding of cycling in Sydney. If cycling is to be considered a viable alternative mobility form by governments, a detailed understanding of the multiplicity of it is needed in order to encourage greater uptake.
At the start of the 21st century, the world's food systems are in crisis and a business-as-usual approach will continue to fail. Morgan’s overarching research question is: how will big cities like Sydney feed themselves when the 'perfect storm' of climate change, peak oil, environmental stress and rapid urbanisation soon is upon us? Contemporary discourses on urban food security make the case for more local solutions while involving food system stakeholders at all scales, from the global to the individual. Within this context, Elizabeth is analysing and critiquing the role of local government (specifically two local government authorities in Western Sydney), non-governmental organisations and alternative food networks in attempting to address food (in)security, its causes, and possible remedies.
Mottee's reaserch is developing a follow-up evaluation framework to evaluate the effectiveness of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and management practice of urban transport-infrastructure projects. Her previous Master of Research (2016) demonstrated that the influence of long-term social outcomes of transport-infrastructure projects is limited by political-decision-making forces, tools available within practice and the development assessment process relevant to their jurisdiction.
Using three rail-infrastructure case studies from Australia and the Netherlands, her research will build on the previous and investigate what constrains and influences SIA and management practice for transport infrastructure projects, through applying a framework for follow-up evaluation.
Her research aims to improve SIA practitioner contributions to infrastructure planning, decision-making and approval processes for transport infrastructure, with a view to enabling stronger delivery of positive long-term social outcomes in the public interest from these projects.
Linked in profile:
Research gate profile:
Ropafadzo Kelebuhile Moyo
Academic and Professional Bio: Moyo has a Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Marine Biology and Master of Science in Zoology. She has worked as an ecologist for the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority. She is interested in the relations between humans and nature and how humans are part of nature. Additionally, she is currently registered as a PhD student in the Department of Geography and Planning at Macquarie University.
Title of PhD research: Connecting people and nature: a study of transfrontier conservation in Southern Africa
She is working on connecting nature and people in transboundary conservation areas through conservation and social development. Using the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Park in Southern Africa, she is researching on how more holistic approaches to conservation and development can contribute to win-win processes and outcomes and the rethinking of trade-offs in human-nature relationships.
Project title: Development, Culture and Tourism in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh: Exploring Indigenous and Gender Concerns
Rosy’s research intends to understand the implications of developing tourism in Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) for Indigenous people, their culture and gender relations. On a broader spectrum, tourism as a development process widens the importance of knowing history and culture, at best, to understand the contexts of Indigenous people. Her research explores the tourism-gender-development nexus through the lens of culture, considering the possibilities, debates and prospects for understanding these intersections. Moreover, her aim is to observe the gender relations within Indigenous communities, as introduced or constructed by tourism, and how tourism impacts on women’s lives. This research illustrates the cross-cultural differences associated with the history of discrimination, with a hope to significantly realise the culture, voice and emotions necessary to design ecotourism as an alternative form of tourism.
Project: Social media and participation in planning
Description: This research seeks to investigate the use of social media by community groups and government agencies during strategic planning processes. Williamson hopes to gain an understanding of whether social media is improving communications between communities and planning authorities, who is involved and what they contribute.
Zahra Nasreen is an Urban Planner having diverse experience in land use planning, affordable housing schemes, zoning and development control, database mapping and solid waste management sector. Studying conflicts of planning policies and practices with local community’s needs at grass-root level has always been her aspiration.
PhD Research Project:
Room Sharing: A solution or an exacerbation to rental housing affordability crisis in Sydney?
This research will address the questions of geography, diversity and characteristics of room sharing via online accommodation listings on ‘gumtree.com.au’. Besides, this project is focused on experiences of tenants in room sharing sector. People living in shared rooms will be interviewed through web based questionnaires and participants will be asked for further volunteer involvement of giving access of their rooms to the researcher for field inspection so that living conditions and health and safety standards can be documented. Analysis of online listings data will result in Geographic Information System (GIS) based maps integrated with longitudinal data sets on shared housing type, location, rental cost, duration of stay, residential overcrowding, and racial discrimination. Interviews data will be analysed through descriptive methods. The findings will be useful in understanding the key drivers, potential benefits and threats of room sharing in Sydney. The findings will provide insights for policy makers and development control authorities seeking to address issues of monitoring and regulation of informal practices of shared housing in Sydney.
Key Words: Room sharing, private rental housing, rental stress, online accommodation listings, residential overcrowding, roommates’ experiences, shared housing regulations
Ting Ting Tracy Cheung
Tracy is a joint-PhD candidate at the University of Hamburg in Germany and Macquarie University. Her research interest includes low-carbon energy transition in cities and urban planning and governance. She received her M.Sc. in Integrated Climate System Sciences in Germany, and her B.Eng. in Mechanical Engineering in Hong Kong (her home town). She also worked at GIZ, the German federal enterprise for international cooperation, for the project “Sino-German Climate Partnership and Cooperation on Renewable Energies” to support bilateral dialogue exchanges between China and Germany. In her free time, she is actively engaged in social activities promoting climate innovation and climate awareness, through working voluntarily with EU-initiated Climate-KIC Alumni Association.
PhD research project
The main objective of this project to identify the roles of cities in enabling the transformation of energy systems to low-carbon development. For many years, academic scholars and urban practitioners have highlighted the pronounced contribution of human activities in cities to climate change and have raised concerns about the growing energy needs and the associated GHG emissions arising from urbanisation. In response, the question of how cities can act to reduce climate change, particularly in the area of energy systems has received increasing attention. One ongoing debate is that of Urban Energy Transitions (UETs). This body of literature considers the inherent relationship between transformations of energy systems on one hand and urban change towards sustainable development on the other. Such transition processes involve changes in multiple dimensions, touching on political, environmental, economic and social factors. As such, this research seeks to explore the perspectives and interactions of city stakeholders in the arenas of 1) energy and climate politics in the city, 2) urban energy assets and options and 3) city-regional connections, focusing on two case study cities: Hamburg and Hong Kong.
Ena Ying-tzu Chang
Indigenous cultural sovereignty and biomedical hegemony: Rethinking pathways to health promotion initiatives in Eastern Taiwan
It is well-known that strong connection to culture has positive impact on wellbeing. In Taiwan, while biomedical research consistently show health disparity between Indigenous and general populations and suggest cultural differences must be addressed for the gap to be closed, they remain vague on what such differences are or fail to recognize how Indigenous cultures are evolving given histories of colonization, assimilation and globalization. This project ethnographically investigates Indigenous health initiatives to illuminate the complex relationships between well-being, identity and culture. The findings of this project will reveal how practices upholding cultural sovereignty and local knowledges can effectively counter the hegemonic biomedical approaches.
Throughout my Master Thesis, I conducted a limited research concerning the topic "Democracy, a Tale of Sustainability". A political ecology combined with political theory project that was a stepping stone for my PhD. My PhD project is a transdisciplinary project, a critical research, that deals with the question of how and why civilizations of modernity construct social realities that fundamentally and institutionally are socio-politically unequal, unsustainable and that ecologically reproduce unequal exchange of human, social and environmental resources and information. Moreover, my project tries to explore and position an alternative pathway for radical and democratic transformation through a critical reformulation of "the project of autonomy" by Cornelius Castoriadis connected with the struggle for the commons. This project is both theoretical and practical; a qualitative and quantitative analysis of primary and secondary data collected from a case study in Skouries of Halkidiki, Greece. Thus, this project aims not only to develop the struggle of movements to contest dialectical and material forms of exploitation, but also to expose the endless possibilities humanity have, to re-imagine an autonomous present that can lead to an alternatively democratic future beyond the one presented through modernity's' societies and imposed by this eras' hierarchal institutions.
It has always been my dream to work and dedicate my life to academia. My love for constantly learning, critically analyze and synthesize, is a vital part of my life and I want to help and inspire other people to do the same. My deeper aspiration is to re-imagine and create a democratic space, a radically "progressive" system of understanding and practicing education and research, a space that does not focus on education and research as a tool for producing man power for the "market", but instead focuses on raising, constructing and upbringing citizens. I am extremely interested in conducting research not only for the shake of the process, but also for the shake of the society at large, through enrichment of the already existing struggles, theories and empirical research about democracy and living spaces beyond the ones imposed to humans/non-humans by the hierarchically structured institutions of modernity.