CEPET Colloquia Series

CEPET Colloquia Series

2016 Colloquia Series

Optimising the Balance between Task Automation and Human Manual ControlShayne Loft

Associate Professor Shayne Loft, Department of Psychology, University of Western Australia

As part of its 2016 colloquia series, Associate Professor Shayne Loft from the University of Western Australia will speak on November 2nd about optimising the balance between task automation and human manual control.

Associate Professor Loft’s areas of expertise include automation, memory, human error, situational awareness, fatigue, training, decision-making, and individual differences. He is particularly enthusiastic about strengthening the link between research science and practice, and highly values the transfer of knowledge and skills back to industry. For more information, visit Associate Professor Loft’s personal website here.

Where: Macquarie University’s Senate Room, Building C8A, Room 310
Wednesday November 2

Abstract: In environments such as defence and aviation, automating tasks can improve performance, but many accidents have occurred because human operators have not adequately regained manual control when automation has failed. As series of studies is underway (ARC Discovery Grant, 2016-2018) that draws upon psychological science to discover how best to design automation to maximise performance, whilst ensuring that operators maintain the situation awareness required to manually control previously automated tasks if required. The current talk will describe evidence from four studies that have conducted to date with simulations of submarine track management, conducted by two of my PhD students (Stephanie Chen & Monica Tatasciore) in the Human Factors and Applied Cognition Laboratory at UWA. The key question concerns how to ensure that automation is engaged when task demands rise, in order to maximise performance; and disengaged when demands decrease, in order to encourage the operator to update their situation awareness.

Developing a Tool to Measure Diagnostic Expertise in PracticeProfessor Mark Wiggins

Professor Mark Wiggins, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University

As part of its 2016 colloquia series, CEPET Deputy Director Professor Mark Wiggins from Macquarie University’s Department of Psychology will speak on August 31 about the development of a psychometric tool designed to assess diagnostic performance across a range of different contexts.

Professor Mark Wiggins is a Registered Psychologist within the area of Organisational Psychology. Mark's research and teaching interests lie in the assessment and development of expert performance, particularly in the context of cognitive skills such as diagnosis and decision-making. To find out more about Professor Wiggins's research, click here.

Where: Australian Hearing Hub, Level 3, Room 3.610
Wednesday August 31

Abstract: Diagnostic accuracy is critical in environments from medicine to aviation and power system control. However, the diagnostic performance of practitioners in these environments is rarely evaluated post their initial qualification. In this presentation, I chart the development of a psychometric tool designed to assess diagnostic performance across a range of different contexts. I explain the theoretical basis of the tool, together with the translation of the proof of concept into a working example. The presentation targets the practicalities of research funding, the development of an evidence base for applied solutions, pitching to industry partners, undertaking research in industrial settings, and the challenges of applied research designs.

Untangling Expertise in Face IdentificationDr. David White

Dr. David White, School of Psychology, University of New South Wales

As part of its 2016 colloquia series, CEPET is proud to welcome Dr. David White from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) to speak about expertise in face identification and its important consequences in forensic and security settings.

Dr. White currently holds a postdoctoral research fellowship at UNSW and investigates the cognitive processes and representations driving face recognition, familiarity, and perceptual expertise. His recent work has focused on individual differences and expert performance in face identification tasks, both in trained professionals and individuals with natural aptitude in such tasks. To find out more about Dr. White's research, click here.

Where: Macquarie University’s Senate Room, Building C8A, Room 310
Wednesday June 29

Abstract: People’s ability to perceive and identify faces is often regarded as a ‘gold-standard’ in perceptual expertise. Typically, experiments examining face expertise present stimuli captured in precisely controlled environmental settings. In this talk, Dr White focuses on novice and expert performance in face matching tasks that are encountered outside of the laboratory. This work reveals important limits to face identification expertise ‘in the wild’ that carry serious consequences in forensic and security settings. Data also show that experts with extensive training in unfamiliar face identification employ qualitatively different strategies to untrained students. Perhaps counter intuitively, these strategies are similar to compensatory mechanisms employed by people with Prosopagnosia, to overcome a specific cognitive deficit in recognising familiar faces. A framework is proposed to account for these findings, which has guided recent efforts to improve performance of experts in unfamiliar face identification.

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