CEPET Research Aims
1. To build an evidence-based model of the progression from novice to expertise: Experts differ from non-experts in movement skills, an enhanced ability to attend to the task at hand, the speed with decisions are made, motivation, and the capacity to cope with failure or disappointment (resilience). Models of skill acquisition for different forms of expertise will incorporate genetic, environmental and psychological factors, corroborated by empirical studies.
2. To identify common impediments to expertise: In spite of their potential, some high-achieving individuals fail to achieve elite levels of expertise. The systematic identification of impediments will help coaches and teachers to devise strategies to overcome common barriers to success, whether they arise from non-optimal practice techniques, cognitive and motor problems, physiological or technological limitations, parental and/or other social support, motivation, or personality.
3. To understand individual differences in the transition to expertise: There are multiple pathways to elite skill. Adopting a multi-disciplinary approach to understand different routes to expertise will inform training and practice strategies, and how they may be optimised for performers and trainers with different needs, goals, and capabilities.
4. To understand how expertise can be maintained: Sustaining expertise may require strategies that extend beyond those used to acquire that expertise in the first place. It is important to understand how some experts sustain their skill over extended periods (e.g., Roger Federer) whereas others are unable to do so.
5. To understand the consequences associated with the loss of expertise: Whether through ageing, early retirement, or injury, the loss of skill poses significant social and psychological challenges to performers. Understanding these challenges will shed light on optimal tactics for coping with this transition and maintaining wellbeing.
Recently Funded Research Projects
- Prof. Bill Thompson: Violent music: social, psychological, and neurological implications (ARC, 2016, $400,000); Music and language: psychological commonalities revealed (ARC, 2013, $330,000)
- Prof. Mark Wiggins: Predicting the diagnostic performance of individuals and organisations (ARC, 2016, $492,000); Cues as catalysts for skilled performance: identifying a mechanism to improve design, training, and selection in high technology control environments (ARC, 2013, $426,000)
- Prof. John Sutton: Mindful bodies in action: a philosophical study of skilled movement (ARC, 2013, $325,000); Sustaining elite performance: emotional skills and resilience in Australian professional cricketers (Macquarie University Enterprise Partnerships Project, jointly funded with the Australian Cricketers' Association, 2013, $99,000)
- Prof. Mark Williams: Seeing clearly: examining the consequences of glaucoma for the human brain (NHMRC, 2012, $426,175); Making sense of the world: how does the brain process task-relevant information? (ARC, 2012, $246,000)
- A/Prof. Barbara Griffin: A mental model of remaining lifetime: motivating late-career adjustment and productivity (ARC, 2014, $327,000)
- A/Prof. Greg Downey: Classroom of many cultures: co-creating support curriculum with international community partners and students (Office of Learning and Teaching, 2014, $348,000); Enhancing programmes to integrate tertiary outbound mobility experiences (Office of Learning and Teaching, 2014, $246,000)
- A/Prof. Catherine McMahon: Learning to Talk, Talking to Learn: effects of an early childhood language program in remote Northern Territory indigenous communities (ARC, 2015, $201,042); Defining universal barriers and incentives to seeking Hearing Health Care (NIH NIDCD, 2014, $1,912,759)
- A/Prof. Anina Rich: Seeing clearly: examining the consequences of glaucoma for the human brain (NHMRC, 2012, $426,175); Making sense of the world: how does the brain process task-relevant information? (ARC, 2012, $246,000)
- A/Prof. Manolya Kavakli: How will VR and AR technologies disrupt or benefit the accounting profession? (CAANZ Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand, 2016, $19,690); Interactive drama engine in virtual reality (ARC, 2012, $71,000)
- Dr. Kim Curby: The impact of expertise on visual processing: assessment of a new model (ARC, 2013, $375,000)
- Dr. Melanie Taylor: Managing animals in disasters: Improving preparedness, response, and resilience through individual and organisational collaboration (Bushfire and Natural Hazards Collaborative Research Centre, 2014, $287,146); Assessing the resilience of Brisbane communities following the 2011 floods (ARC, 2012, $380,280)
- Dr. Kirk Olsen, Prof. Bill Thompson, Dr. Waldo Garrido: Understanding creativity in movement-based expertise: a multi-domain approach (CEPET Seed Grant, 2016, $4,860)