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Department of Linguistics

Dr Michael Proctor

Senior Lecturer
BE (Computer) UNSW; BA (Spanish) UNSW; MA (Linguistics) UQ; PhD (Linguistics) Yale

Michael is a lecturer in linguistics, investigating speech production and perception, and phonological organization in human language.

I'm interested in speech production and perception, and phonological organization in human language. My research focuses on the phonetic properties of 'patterns of sounds', with a special interest in phonological classes which have proven difficult to describe: liquid and fricative consonants.

We use ultrasound, Electromagnetic Articulography, eye-tracking, real-time Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and other technologies to investigate the dynamics of speech production - how the vocal tract is shaped over time - to inform our knowledge of phonological structure and its cognitive representation. By studying how the same speech sounds are perceived, we hope to understand the links between production and perception, and gain further insights into the basic units of contrast in phonology.

Our work examines aspects of the phonetics and phonology of Spanish, Russian, Tamil, Mandarin Chinese, Kaytetye, Italian, Arabic, French, Greek, German, SiSwati, Ndebele, Khoekhoe, and different varieties of American and Australian English, amongst other languages.

Publications

Selected Publications

Book Chapters

  • Proctor, M., & Walker, R. (2012). Articulatory bases of English liquids. In S. Parker (Ed.), The Sonority Controversy, vol. 18 of Studies in Generative Grammar (pp. 285-312). Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • Kavitskaya, D., Iskarous, K., Noiray, A., & Proctor, M. (2009). Trills and palatalization: Consequences for sound change. In Reich, J., Babyonyshev, M., & Kavitskaya, D. (Eds.), Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics No. 17 (pp. 97-110). Michigan Slavic Publications: Ann Arbor.

Periodicals

  • Shaw, J., Chen, W.-R., Proctor, M., & Derrick, D. (In Press). Influences of tone on vowel articulation in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research.
  • Narayanan, S., Toutios, A., Ramanarayanan, V., Lammert, A., Kim, J., Lee, S., Nayak, K., Kim, Y.-C., Zhu, Y., Goldstein, L., Byrd, D., Bresch, E., Ghosh, P., Katsamanis, A., & Proctor, M. (2014). Real-time magnetic resonance imaging and electromagnetic articulography database for speech production research (TC). Journal of the Acoustic Society of America, 136(3), 1307-1311. [Link]
  • Lammert, A., Proctor, M., & Narayanan, S. (2013). Interspeaker variability in hard palate morphology and vowel production. Journal of Speech, Language, & Hearing Research, 56(6), S1924-S1933.
  • Lammert, A., Proctor, M., & Narayanan, S. (2013). Morphological variation in the adult hard palate and posterior pharyngeal wall. Journal of Speech, Language, & Hearing Research, 56(2), 521-530.
  • Proctor, M., Bresch, E., Byrd, D., Nayak, K., & Narayanan, S. (2013). Paralinguistic mechanisms of production in human "beatboxing": A real-time magnetic resonance imaging study. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 133(2), 1043-1054.
  • Zhu, Y., Kim, Y.-C., Proctor, M.I., Narayanan, S., & Nayak, K.S. (2013). Dynamic 3D visualization of vocal tract shaping during speech. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 32(5), 838-848.
  • Kim, Y.-C., Proctor, M.I., Narayanan, S.S., & Nayak, K.S. (2012). Improved imaging of lingual articulation using real-time multislice MRI. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 35(4), 943-948.
  • Iskarous, K., Shadle, C.H., & Proctor, M.I. (2011). Articulatory-acoustic kinematics: The production of American English. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 129(2), 944-954.
  • Proctor, M. (2011). Towards a gestural characterization of liquids: Evidence from Spanish and Russian. Laboratory Phonology, 2(2), 451-485.
  • Proctor, M.I., Shadle, C.H., & Iskarous, K. (2010). Pharyngeal articulation differences in voiced and voiceless fricatives. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 127(3), 1507-1518.

Published Conference Proceedings

  • Davis, C., Shaw, J., Proctor, M., Derrick, D., Sherwood, S., & Kim, J. (2015). Examining speech production using masked priming. In The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015 (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Glasgow, UK: University of Glasgow.
  • Hussain, Q., Harvey, M., Proctor, M., & Demuth, K. (2015). Contrast reduction among coronals is conditioned by the following vowel. In The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015 (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences.Glasgow, UK: University of Glasgow.
  • Proctor, M., Lo, C.Y., & Narayanan, S. (2015). Articulation of English vowels in running speech: A real-time MRI study. In The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015 (Ed.),Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Glasgow, UK: University of Glasgow.
  • Shaw, J., Chen, W.-R., Proctor, M., Derrick, D., & Dakhoul, E. (2014). On the inter-dependence of tonal and vocalic production goals in Mandarin Chinese. In S. Fuchs, M. Grice, A. Hermes, L. Lancia & D. Mücke (Eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Seminar on Speech Production (pp. 395-398). Cologne: 10th International Seminar on Speech Production Co.
  • Kim, Y.-C., Kim, J., Proctor, M.I., Toutios, A., Nayak, K.S., Lee, S., & Narayanan, S.S. (2013). Toward automatic vocal tract area function estimation from accelerated three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. In K. Livescu (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Speech Communication Association Workshop in Speech Production in Automatic Speech Recognition (pp. 1-4). Lyon: International Speech Communication Association.
  • Lammert, A., Ramanarayanan, V., Proctor, M.I., & Narayanan, S.S. (2013). Vocal tract cross-distance estimation from real-time MRI using region-of-interest analysis. In F. Bimbot, C. Cerisara, C. Fougeron, G. Gravier, L. Lamel, F. Pellegrino & P. Perrier (Eds.),Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Communication and Technology(pp. 959-962). Lyon: International Speech Communication Association.
  • Proctor, M., Goldstein, L., Lammert, A., Byrd, D., Toutios, A., & Narayanan, S.S. (2013). Velic coordination in French nasals: A realtime magnetic resonance imaging study. In F. Bimbot, C. Cerisara, C. Fougeron, G. Gravier, L. Lamel, F. Pellegrino & P. Perrier (Eds.),Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Communication and Technology(pp. 577-581). Lyon: International Speech Communication Association.
  • Shaw, J., Tyler, M., Kasisopa, B., Ma, Y., Proctor, M., Han, C., Derrick, D., & Burnham, D. (2013). Vowel identity conditions the time course of tone recognition. In F. Bimbot, C. Cerisara, C. Fougeron, G. Gravier, L. Lamel, F. Pellegrino & P. Perrier (Eds.),Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Communication and Technology(pp. 718-722). Lyon: International Speech Communication Association.
  • Smith, C., Proctor, M., Iskarous, K., Goldstein, L., & Narayanan, S. (2013). Stable articulatory tasks and their variable formation: Tamil retroflex consonants. In F. Bimbot, C. Cerisara, C. Fougeron, G. Gravier, L. Lamel, F. Pellegrino & P. Perrier (Eds.),Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Communication and Technology(pp. 2006-2009). Lyon: International Speech Communication Association.

Conference Presentations, Colloquia, and other presentations

  • Hussain, Q., Harvey, M., Proctor, M., & Demuth, K. (2015, August). Contrast reduction among coronals is conditioned by the following vowel. Paper presented at the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow, Scotland.
  • Hussain, Q., Harvey, M., Proctor, M., & Demuth, K. (2014, December). Do temporal and spectral measures differentiate the contrast between Punjabi retroflex and dental stops?Paper presented at the 45th Annual Conference of the Australian Linguistic Society (ALS), Newcastle.
  • Proctor, M. (2014, August). Investigating non-pulmonic consonant production using real-time MRI. Paper presented at the ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders Annual Workshop, Macquarie University, Sydney.
  • Gonzalez, S., Harvey, M., & Proctor, M. (2014, July). Posterior cavity and aperture distance oppositions in english coronal fricatives. Poster session presented at the 14th Conference on Laboratory Phonology (LabPhon14), Tokyo, Japan.
  • Shaw, J., Chen, W., Tyler, M., Derrick, D., & Proctor, M. (2014, July). Perceptual attunement to coarticulation: Hearing tone in vowel height. Poster session presented at the 14th Conference on Laboratory Phonology (LabPhon14), Tokyo, Japan.
  • Kim, Y.-C., Kim, J., Proctor, M.I., Toutios, A., Nayak, K.S., Lee, S., & Narayanan, S.S. (2013, August). Toward automatic vocal tract area function estimation from accelerated three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. Paper presented at the International Speech Communication Association Workshop on Speech Production in Automatic Speech Recognition, Lyon, France.
  • Lammert, A., Ramanarayanan, V., Proctor, M.I., & Narayanan, S.S. (2013, August).Vocal tract cross-distance estimation from real-time MRI using region-of-interest analysis. Paper presented at the 14th Annual Conference of the? International Speech Communication Association (INTERSPEECH), Lyon, France.
  • Proctor, M., Goldstein, L., Lammert, A., Byrd, D., Toutios, A., & Narayanan, S.S. (2013, August). Velic coordination in French nasals: a realtime Magnetic Resonance Imaging study. Paper presented at the 14th Annual Conference of the? International Speech Communication Association (INTERSPEECH), Lyon, France.
  • Proctor, M.I. (2013, August). Investigating phonological structure using real-time MRI.Invited colloquium at the Psychology Colloquium Series, Department of Psychology, The University of Sydney, Sydney.
  • Shaw, J., Tyler, M., Kasisopa, B., Ma, Y., Proctor, M., Han, C., Derrick, D., & Burnham, D. (2013, August). Vowel identity conditions the time course of tone recognition. Paper presented at the 14th Annual Conference of the? International Speech Communication Association (INTERSPEECH), Lyon, France.
  • Smith, C., Proctor, M., Iskarous, K., Goldstein, L., & Narayanan, S. (2013, August).Stable articulatory tasks and their variable formation: Tamil retroflex consonants. Paper presented at the 14th Annual Conference of the? International Speech Communication Association (INTERSPEECH), Lyon, France.
  • Proctor, M.I. (2013, June). Investigating phonological representation using real-time MRI. Invited colloquium at the Research Seminar Series, Centre for Language Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney.
  • Kim, Y.-C., Proctor, M.I., Khoo, M.C., Narayanan, S., & Nayak, K.S. (2013, April).Caught sleeping: Recording of snoring during a real-time MRI scan. Paper presented at the 21st Annual Meeting and Exhibition of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Salt Lake City, USA.
  • Proctor, M.I. (2011, July). Examining Variation in Liquid Consonants using UltrasoundInvited presentation given at the Workshop on Sociophonetic Methodology, LSA 2011 Linguistic Institute, University of Colorado.
  • Proctor, M.I. (2011, February). Coronals & MCs: Phonetic Insights into Phonological Representation. Invited presentation given at the Department of Linguistics, Cornell University,.
  • Proctor, M.I. (2010, December). Tongue tips & tongue slips: Insights into Phonological Organization. Invited presentation given at the Department of Linguistics, University of Queensland.
  • Proctor, M.I. (2009, October). Gestural Characterization of a Problematic Class - the Liquids. Invited presentation given at the SC-UCLA Phonology Seminar, UC Los Angeles.
  • Proctor, M.I. (2009, March). Liquid Variation in the Western Germanic Languages.Invited presentation given at the Center for Language and Cognition, University of Groningen, .
  • Proctor, M.I. (2009, February). Phonetic Characterization of a Problematic Class - the Liquids Invited presentation given at the Department of Linguistics, UC Santa Cruz

 

Awards and Grants

  • Promotion to Senior Lecturer (Level C) (2015), Proctor, M.
  • Alvin M. Liberman Memorial Award (2009), Proctor, M.I. Haskins Laboratories.
  • Raymond H. Stetson Scholarship in Phonetics and Speech Production (2009), Proctor, M.I. Acoustical Society of America.
  • Macquarie University Strategic Infrastructure Scheme Grant (2016) "Future proofing Macquarie's Speech Perception Laboratory." Benders, T., Demuth, K., Cox, F., Sharma, M., Tsukuda, K., Proctor, M., Szakay, A., Yuen, I., Xu, N., Schmidt, E., Koring, L., Ma, W., & Kung, C. ($136,000)
  • ARC Discovery Project Grant [DP150100845] (2015 - 2017) "The phonological structure of Kaytetye: Unique or universal?" Harvey, M.D., Turpin, M.M., & Proctor, M.I. ($202,135)
  • ARC Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA) [DE150100318] (2015 - 2017) "Solving the puzzle of complex speech sounds." Proctor, M. ($360,000)
  • Macquarie University Strategic Infrastructure Scheme Grant (2015) "Phonetics laboratory research facilities." Proctor, M., Cox, F., Demuth, K., Cupples, L., Harrison, E., Sharma, M., Mannell, R., Yuen, I., Xu, N., Schmidt, E., Kung, C., Nickels, L., Johnson, B., Palethorpe, S., Biedermann, B., Sowman, P., Kinoshita, S., & Tsukada, K. ($88,650)
  • Macquarie University Faculty of Human Sciences Equipment Grant (2014) "Speech studio equipment." Cox, F., Proctor, M., Demuth, K., Crain, S., Xu, N., Slatyer, H., Kruger, J.-L., Mannell, R., Yuen, I., Palethorpe, S., McMahon, C., Barnes, S., Thornton, R., Cupples, L., & Sharma M. ($9,980)
  • Macquarie University Strategic Infrastructure Scheme Grant (2014) "Articulograph for speech research." Proctor, M., Biedermann, B., Cox, F., Cupples, L., Demuth, K., Harrison, E., Johnson, B., Kinoshita, S., Lin, S., Mannell, R., Nickels, L., Palethorpe, S., Sharma, M., Sowman, P., Thompson, B., Tsukada, K., Yuen, I., & Xu, N. ($75,915)
  • Macquarie University Research Infrastructure Block Grants [9201301063]. (2013) "Tobii eye-tracker and sound level meter for testing infants and young children." Demuth, K., Xu Rattanasone, N., Cox, F., Proctor, M., McMahon, C., & Sharma, M. ($77,661)
  • Macquarie University New Staff Grant (2013) "Investigating coarticulation in connected speech using realtime MRI." Proctor, M. ($17,555)

 

 

 


Michael Proctor

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